Balduina uniflora

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Balduina uniflora
Balduina uniflora AFP.jpg
Photo by Altas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Balduina
Species: B. uniflora
Binomial name
Balduina uniflora
Nutt.
BALD UNIF DIST.JPG
Natural range of Balduina uniflora from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common Names: savanna honeycomb-head; yellow Balduina;[1] oneflower honeycombhead[2]

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: Endorima uniflora (Nuttall) Rafinesque [1]

Description

Balduina uniflora is a dioecious perennial that grows as a forb/herb.[2] Its roots are fleshy[3] and have a mean depth of 15.75 cm and porosity of 0.0%.[4] It reproduces vegetatively from root stocks and can reach heights of 0.7-1.0 m. Inflorescence contain 1-3 heads, each with ray flowers 8-22, 5.5-8.2 mm long and 1-2 mm wide. Flowers are yellow.[3]

Distribution

It is found from eastern Louisiana, eastward throughout the panhandle of Florida and southeastern Georgia, and northward to southeastern North Carolina.[2]

Ecology

Habitat

This species is found in wet pine savannas, pine flatwoods,[1] and the margins of pitcher-plant bogs.[3]

Phenology

In the southeastern and mid-Atlantic United States, flowering occurs from late July through September.[1] Another, study reports flowering starting in June.[3]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind. [5]

Fire ecology

In Mississippi pine barrens, flowering increased significantly from one year after a burn into the second year following a burn.[6]

Pollination

It attracts bumblebees and butterflies which pollinates it.[7] Pollen grains are 40-45 µm in diameter.[3]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Weakley AS (2015) Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 26 January 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Parker ES, Jones SB (1975) A systematic study of the genus Balduina (Compositae, Heliantheae). Brittonia 27(4):355-361.
  4. Brewer JS, Baker DJ, Nero AS, Patterson AL, Robers RS, Turner LM (2011) Carnivoory in plants as a beneficial trait in wetlands. Aquatic Botany 94:62-70.
  5. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  6. Hinman SE, Brewer JS (2007) Responses of two frequently-burned wet pine savannas to an extended period without fire. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134(4):512-526.
  7. Pitts-Singer TL, Hanula JL, Walker JL (2002) Insect pollinators of three rare plants in a Florida longleaf pine forest. Florida Entomologist 85(2):308-316.