Eragrostis elliottii

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Eragrostis elliottii
Erag elli.jpg
Photo by George Kish, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae ⁄ Gramineae
Genus: Eragrostis
Species: E. elliottii
Binomial name
Eragrostis elliottii
S. Watson
ERAG ELLI dist.jpg
Natural range of Eragrostis elliottii from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Field lovegrass; Elliott's lovegrass

Taxonomic notes

Description

This species is strongly glaucous.[1]

Generally, for the Eragrostis genus, they are "annuals or perennials from short rhizomes or hardened bases. Glumes similar, shorter than lowest lemma. Florets more than 2. Lemmas 3-nerved, paleas persistent, ciliate."[2]

Radford (1964) explains that E. elliottii is similar to E. refracta. And states that the "lateral spikeletes shorter than pedicels, not appressed."[2]

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

It does well in open canopy areas on longleaf pine habitats.[3] Sandhill community.[4] Does not do well in highly disturbed areas (such as clear cutting).[3] This species has also been observed to occur in sand ridges of longleaf pine and turkey oak woodlands, clearings in coastal hammocks, marshy boarders of cypress-gum ponds, oak woodlands, interdune depressions, sandy prairies, and open grassy limestone glades.[1] It does well in areas of high light intensity to partial shade in loamy sands, drying sands, moist shell sands, and peaty sandy soils.

Associated species include Panicum flexile, Eustachya, Habenaria ciliaris, Balduina uniflora, Lilium catesbaei, Eriocaulon decangulare, Rynchospora, Aristia, Eragrostis hirsute, Pinus palustris, Quercus laevis, Stenaria nigricans, Sporobolus junceus, Schoenus nigricans.[1]

Phenology

It has been observed to flower and fruit in October and December.[1]

Fire ecology

This species lives in environments that are burned.[1]

Diseases and parasites

It is a common host plant of the fungus Balansia epichloe in the southeastern United States.[5]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, A.F. Clewell, R.K. Godfrey, R. Komarek, R. Kral, J. P. Gillespie, William R. Stimson, George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, Olga Lakela, Bruce Hansen, JoAnn Hansen, F. C. Craighead, James D. Ray Jr., Herbet L. Monoson, Richard W. Pohl, Robert L. Lazor, Sidney McDaniel, A. H. Curtiss, Allen G. Shuey, J. Harrison, R. Garren, Ann F. Johnson, A. H. Curtiss, Erdman West, Tom Daggy, Steve L. Orzell, Edwin L. Bridges, Grady W. Reinert, Ann F. Johnson, and Wilson Baker. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Broward, Charlotte, Citrus, Clay, Collier, Dade, Duval, Escambia, Flagler, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Hamilton, Hernando, Hillsborough, Jackson, Lafayette, Lake, Lee, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Madison, Manatee, Monroe, Okaloosa, Palm Beach, Putnam, Santa Rosa, Sarasota, Sumter, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, and Washington. Georgia: Thomas.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Radford, Albert E., Harry E. Ahles, and C. Ritchie Bell. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. 1964, 1968. The University of North Carolina Press. 66-71. Print.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Brockway, D. G. and C. E. Lewis (2003). "Influence of deer, cattle grazing and timber harvest on plant species diversity in a longleaf pine bluestem ecosystem." Forest Ecology and Management 175: 49-69.
  4. Downer, M. R. (2012). Plant species richness and species area relationships in a Florida sandhill community. Integrative Biology. Ann Arbor, MI, University of South Florida. M.S.: 52.
  5. Phelps, R. A., G. Morgan-Jones, et al. (1993). "Systematic and biological studies in the Balansieae and related anamorphs. 7. Host-pathogen relationship of Eragrostis capillaris and Balansia epichloe." Mycotaxon 49: 117-127.