|Photo taken by Gil Nelson|
|Division:||Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants|
|Class:||Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons|
|Natural range of Sabatia brevifolia from USDA NRCS Plants Database.|
Common name: Shortleaf rose gentian
Synonym: Sabatia elliottii Steudel
"Glabrous, perennial or annual herbs with erect or ascending stems. Leaves opposite, entire, sessile. Inflorescence terminal, cymose. Calyx 5-13 parted, lobes united at bae, those of first flowers longest, smaller on later flowers; corolla rotate white or pink with yellow eye, lobes 5-13, tube becoming membranous and persistent around the capsule. Capsule ovoid to ellipsoid; seeds small, alveolate."
"Annual, rhizomes absent. Stems freely branched, terete or slightly angled above, 2-5 dm tall. Basal leaves present or absent at anthesis; stems leaves linear to narrowly lanceolate or elliptic-oblanceolate, 1-2.5 cm long, 1-8 mm wide, acute to obtuse. Inflorescence paniculate, branches alternate, to 3 dm long, 0.5-2.5 dm broad. Calyx lobes 5, linear, 2-7 mm long; corolla lobes white, usually white on drying, elliptic to oblanceolate, 1-1.5 cm long, 2-4 mm wide; filaments 1-2 mm long; stigmas 3-4 mm long, style 0-1 mm long. Capsule 4-5 mm long; seeds brown, 0.3-0.4 mm long."
Regionally endemic to the Coastal Plain from Virginia south through most of Florida and west to southern Alabama. It is rare in Alabama.
In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, S. brevifolia can occur in wet pine flatwoods, moist sand around ephemeral ponds in open flatwoods, seepage bogs on pineland slopes, borders of cypress-gum ponds, exposed shores of sinkhole ponds, and sometimes open well-drained woodlands.
S. bervifolia had variable changes in occurrence in response to soil disturbance by roller chopping in south Florida.
Associated species Polygala cruciata, P. hookeri, P. lutea, Eupatorium leucolepis.
Sabatia brevifolia was observed at the Archbold Biological Station to host sweat bees such as Lasioglossum nymphalis (family Halictidae).
Conservation, cultivation, and restoration
References and notes
Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: November 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Robert K. Godfrey, R.A. Norris, Annie Schmidt, Cecil R. Slaughter, Rodie White. States and Counties: Florida: Liberty, Osceola. Georgia: Grady. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
- Radford, Albert E., Harry E. Ahles, and C. Ritchie Bell. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. 1964, 1968. The University of North Carolina Press. 836. Print.
- []Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed: March 15, 2016
- Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: November 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Robert K. Godfrey, R.A. Norris, Annie Schmidt, Cecil R. Slaughter, Rodie White. States and Counties: Florida: Liberty, Osceola. Georgia: Grady. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
- Lewis, C.E. (1970). Responses to Chopping and Rock Phosphate on South Florida Ranges. Journal of Range Management 23(4):276-282.
- []Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Accessed: March 14, 2016
- Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 13 DEC 2016
- Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.