Lilium catesbaei

From Coastal Plain Plants Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Common name: pine lily[1], Catesby's lily[2], leopard lily[2]

Lilium catesbaei
Lilium catesbaei BM.JPG
Photo by John B
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Liliales
Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Lilium
Species: L. catesbaei
Binomial name
Lilium catesbaei
Natural range of Lilium catesbaei from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: none.[3]

Varieties: none.[3]


L. catesbaei is a perennial forb/herb of the Liliaceae family native to North America.[1]


L. catesbaei is endemic to the longleaf pine forest range[4] from southeastern North Carolina, south to Florida, and west to Louisiana.[3]



L. catesbaei proliferate in pine savannas and sandhill seeps.[2] Specimens have been collected from moist sandy soil with wiregrass, sandy peat of savanna, pine flatwoods, cypress pond slash pine, open longleaf pine stand, pine savanna, and roadsides.[5]

L. catesbaei was found to increase its occurrence of flowering plants in response to soil disturbance by restoration roller chopping with and without fire in Southwest Florida. It has shown regrowth in reestablished native habitat that was disturbed by these practices.[6]


L. catesbaei has been observed flowering June through October.[7]

Fire ecology

L. catesbaei flowers more conspicuously following a fire.[8]


Pollinators of this species include a variety of butterflies; the most effective being swallowtails. Observed possible pollinators include spicebush swallowtail, cloudless sulfur (Phoebis sennae), Palamedes, eastern black swallowtail, and green lynxes.[9] The Florida Dust Skipper is an uncommon species that has been spotted on Lilium catesbaei as well.[10]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

L. catesbaei is listed as threatened by the Florida Department of Agriculture & Consumer Services Division of Plant Industry.[1]

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA Plant Database
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  4. Sorrie, B. A. and A. S. Weakley 2001. Coastal Plain valcular plant endemics: Phytogeographic patterns. Castanea 66: 50-82.
  5. URL: Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Daniel B. Ward, S.S. Ward, Lovette E. Williams, Robert Bral, Olga Lakeela, R.K. Godfrey, Robert Lazor, John Lazor, Bruce Hansen, S.W. Leonard, D.L. Fichtner, Paul Redfearn, D.S. Correll, Paul O. Schallert, Cecil Slaughter, Jennifer Hancock, Wilson Baker, Grady W. Reinert, R.A. Norris, R. Komarek, R.L. Wilbur, Rodie White, S.B. Jones, Carleen Jones, John W. Carter, S.L. Orzell, P. Sheridan. States and counties:Florida (Alachua, Bay, Charlotte, Citrus, Escambia, Gulf, Highlands, Hillsborough, Jackson, Liberty, Orange, Palm Beach, St. Johns, Union, Wakulla, Walton, Okaloosa, Nassau, Flagler, Osceola) Georgia (Coffee, Worth, Charlton, Grady, Thomas) North Carolina (Columbus, Pender, Bladen) Alabama (Mobile) Mississippi (Forrest) South Carolina (Corchester)
  6. Huffman, J.M. and P.A. Werner. (2000). Restoration of Florida Pine Savanna: Flowering Response of Lilium catesbaei to Fire and Roller-Chopping. Natural Areas Journal 20(1):12-23.
  7. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 24 MAY 2018
  8. Abrahamson, W. G. (1984). "Species Responses to Fire on the Florida Lake Wales Ridge." American Journal of Botany 71(1): 35-43.
  9. Observation by Peter May, Edwin Bridges, Linda Cooper, John Hummer; On Peter May post in Heart Island Conservation area, Milton, ON, Canada, September 19, 2016, posted to Florida Flora and Ecosystematics Facebook Group.
  10. Observation by Steve Coleman post, comment by Linda Cooper; Liberty County, Fl, Jult 14, 2017, posted to Florida Flora and Ecosystematics Facebook Group July 2017.