Solidago tortifolia

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Solidago tortifolia
Soli tort.jpg
Photo by Betty Wargo, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Solidago
Species: S. tortifolia
Binomial name
Solidago tortifolia
SOLI TORT dist.jpg
Natural range of Solidago tortifolia from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Twistleaf goldenrod, Leafy pineywoods goldenrod

Taxonomic notes


A description of Solidago tortifolia is provided in The Flora of North America.




In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, S. tortifolia has been found in loamy sand around upper boarder of seasonally wet depression in a longleaf pine community; pine flatwoods; bordering slash pine plantations in deep sandy soil; next to sandy ridge; sandy soil bordering a mixed forest; scrub oak sand ridge; pond-pine flatwoods; sand pine scrub; longleaf pine-wiregrass scrub oak ridge; open boggy slope; border of live oak hammock near a river; fallow field on a sandy ridge; longleaf pine-wiregrass flat pineland.[1] In disturbed habitats, it has been found in loamy sand among roadside grasses; wet powerline corridors; sandy loam among rock ledges; sandy clearings; banks of swale between highway and railway; and railroad banks.[1]

Associated species include Aster concolor, Helianthus radula, Pityopsis graminifolia, Ceanothus microphyllus, Baptisia simplicifolia, Aster linarifolia, Eupatorium rotundifolium, Silphium compositifolium, Angelica dentata, Aster adnatus, Ilex glabra, and Sericocarpus tortifolius.[1]


It has been recorded flowering and fruiting January through November.[1][2]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind.[3]

Fire ecology

Populations of Solidago tortifolia have been known to persist through repeated annual burning.[4]

Herbivory and toxicology

Solidago tortifolia has been observed to host the aphid Uroleucon sp. (family Aphididae).[5]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Wilson Baker, Cecil R Slaughter, M Minno, R.K. Godfrey, John Morrill, J. Nelson, R. H. Wnek, Nancy Z. Edmondson, H. S. Conard, Robert L. Lazor, J. M. Kane, Cecil R Slaughter, J.C. Semple, R. Wunderlin, J. Poppleton, Eliane Norman. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Columbia, Dixie, Flagler, Gulf, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, Madison, Polk, Putnam, Sarasota, Taylor, Union, Volusia, Wakulla, Washington. Georgia: Baker, Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  2. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 19 MAY 2021
  3. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  4. Platt, W.J., R. Carter, G. Nelson, W. Baker, S. Hermann, J. Kane, L. Anderson, M. Smith, K. Robertson. 2021. Unpublished species list of Wade Tract old-growth longleaf pine savanna, Thomasville, Georgia.
  5. [1]