|Photo taken by Kevin Robertson|
|Division:||Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants|
|Class:||Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons|
|Family:||Apiaceae ⁄ Umbelliferae|
| Angelica dentata|
(Chapm.) J.M. Coult. & Rose
|Natural range of Angelica dentata from USDA NRCS Plants Database.|
Common names: Coastal Plain angelica; Sandhill angelica
Perennial herb with erect, hairless stems 20 - 40 inches (50 - 100 cm) tall. Leaves with long leaf stalks, each leaf divided into several, leathery, lance-shaped, coarsely toothed leaflets. Flower clusters flat-topped, composed of 5 - 12 smaller clusters of tiny, white flowers; flower stalks hairless. Flowers with 5 white, spreading petals. Fruit about ¼ inch (5 - 6 mm) long, hairless, oval, flattened, ribbed, and winged. Flowers are arranged in umbels and are compound and bisexual.
It is found in southwest and south-central Georgia and in the eastern part of the panhandle of Florida.
A. dentata is restricted to native groundcover and is commonly associated with upland pinelands of South Georgia. Habitats include sandhills, longleaf pine-wiregrass savannas, longleaf-scrub oaks, boggy areas, and pine flatwoods. It occurs in disturbed areas such as roadsides and logged fields. Thrives in areas that are open or semi-shaded. Soils include dry sand, gravelly soil, loamy sand and dry and moist loamy soil. Associated species include Croton, Pinus palustris, Quercus laevis, Q. margaretta, Rhynchosia, Symphyotrichum dumosum, Carphephorus odoratissiumus, C. paniculatus, Chrysopsis spp., and Symphiotrichum dumosum.
Seeds are dispersed by gravity and small animals.
It can be found in frequently burned areas such as longleaf pine savannas.
Conservation and management
Threats include conversion of habitat to pine plantations, agriculture, pastures, development and fire suppression.
Cultivation and restoration
References and notes
- []Georgia Wildlife. Accessed: March 29, 2016
- []Accessed: March 29, 2016
- Weakley, Alan S. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States: Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU). PDF. 1227.
- Ostertag, T.E., and K.M. Robertson. 2007. A comparison of native versus old-field vegetation in upland pinelands managed with frequent fire, South Georgia, USA. Pages 109–120 in R.E. Masters and K.E.M. Galley (eds.). Proceedings of the 23rd Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference: Fire in Grassland and Shrubland Ecosystems.
- Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: L. C. Anderson, W. Baker, B. Boothe, M. Boothe, A. F. Clewell, V. Craig, M. A. Garland, R. K. Godfrey, R. Kral, E. Keppner, L. Keppner, R. Komarek, T. MacClendon, K. MacClendon, R. A. Pursell, H. Roth, and R. White. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Franklin, Gadsden, Jackson, Leon, Liberty, and Wakulla. Georgia: Decatur, Grady, and Thomas.
- Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 7 DEC 2016
- Observation by Floyd Griffith in Franklin County, FL, November 14, 2015, posted to Florida Flora and Ecosystematics Facebook group November 16, 2015.