Helianthus radula

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Helianthus radula
Helianthus radula.jpg
Photo was taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Helianthus
Species: H. radula
Binomial name
Helianthus radula
(Pursh) Torr. & A. Gray
HELI RADU dist.jpg
Natural range of Helianthus radula from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Rayless sunflower; Stiff sunflower; Roundleaf sunflower

Taxonomic notes

Description

A description of Helianthus radula is provided in The Flora of North America.

Helianthus radula is a perennial herbaceous species.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

H. radula can live in loblolly or slash pine communities,[1] upland longleaf pine communities, [2][3] pine-oak sandhill woodlands, near the edges of bogs, limestone glades, and mixed oak-cabbage palm hammocks.[4] Additionally, it occurs in disturbed areas such as roadsides, old fields, power line corridors, by trails, and in lawn and waste areas. This species seems to prefer semi-shaded areas, and occurs on mostly wet to dry sandy soils, or over limestone. Associated species include Pinus palutris, Quercus laevis, Serenoa repens, Sabatia brevifolia, Kalmia hirsuta, Balduina uniflora, Polygala lutea, Sorghastrum secundum, Quercus pumila, Seymeria cassioides, Liatris graminifolia, Helianthus heterophyllus, Cirsium, Bigelowia, Ludwigia, Pinus elliottii, Pityopsis, Baptisia simplicifolia, Ilex glabra, Andropogon, Rynchospora, Phoebanthus tenuifolia, Eupatorium album, Pityopsis, Rhexia alifanus, Liatris gracilis, Carphephorus odoratissimus, Baptisia simplicifolia, Ctenium aromaticum, Vaccinium darrowi, Quercus pumila, Quercus minima, Gaylussacia dumosa, and Physostegia godfreyi.[4]

Phenology

Flowering and fruiting has been observed in January and August through November.[4][5]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by gravity. [6]

Fire ecology

This species has been found in habitat that is burned frequently,[4] even biennially.[3]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. Yager, L. Y., M. G. Hinderliter, et al. (2007). "Gopher tortoise response to habitat management by prescribed burning." The Journal of Wildlife Management 71: 428-434.
  2. Kirkman, L. K., M. B. Drew, et al. (1998). "Effects of experimental fire regimes on the population dynamics of Schwalbea americana L." Plant Ecology 137: 115-137.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Gilliam, F. S., W. J. Platt, et al. (2006). "Natural disturbances and the physiognomy of pine savannas: A phenomenological model." Applied Vegetation Science 9: 83-96.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Roomie Wilson, Delzie Demaree, C. Ritchie Bell, F. H. Sargent, Samuel B. Jones, John W. Thieret, Almut G. Jones, A. F. Clewell, R. K. Godfrey, Bruce Hansen, JoAnn Hansen, Robert L. Lazor, R. Kral, J. P. Gillespie, R. E. Perdue, Jr., Paul L. Redfearn, Jr., Kurt E. Blum, D. B. Ward, S. S. Ward, John B. Nelson, G. R. Knight, Cecil R Slaughter, Nancy E. Jordan, R. A. Norris, and R. Komarek. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Citrus, Flagler, Franklin, Gadsden, Holmes, Jefferson, Lake, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Madison, Nassau, Okaloosa, Orange, Osceola, Putnam, St Johns, Taylor, Wakulla, and Walton. Georgia: Thomas. Louisiana: Tangipahoa and Washington. Mississippi: Jackson, Lamar, and Pearl River. South Carolina: Colleton.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 12 DEC 2016
  6. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.