Carya tomentosa

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Common name: mockernut hickory; white hickory

Carya tomentosa
Carya tomentosa AFP.jpg
Photo by the Atlas of Florida Plants Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Juglandales
Family: Juglandaceae
Genus: Carya
Species: C. tomentosa
Binomial name
Carya tomentosa
Lam.
CARY TOME DIST.JPG
Natural range of Carya tomentosa from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Carya alba (L.) Nuttall ex Elliott, Hicoria alba (L.) Britton

Varieties: none

Description

C. tomentosa, also known as mockernut hickory, is a native perennial in the Juglandaceae family with a tree growth habit [1].

Distribution

The species can be found throughout most of Eastern United States, ranging from Texas and Kansas to New Hampshire and Michigan [1].

Ecology

Habitat

C. tomentosa can be found in communities ranging from mesic hammocks to pine sandhills [2]. More specifically, the habitats range from mixed hardwood forests, disturbed meadows, in sandy soil of mesic woods, rich deciduous woods, hardwood hammocks, wooded ravines, and loamy sand woodlands. [3]

Associated species: Pinus palustris, Quercus hemisphaerica, Quercus incana, Quercus falcata, Quercus virginiana, and Quercus laevis [2].

Phenology

Fruit has been seen to be present from March to May and July as well as the month of October. [3]

Seed dispersal

C. tomentosa is dispersed through various mammals found in the pine sandhills community [4].

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 USDA Plants Database URL: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=CATO6
  2. 2.0 2.1 Heuberger, K. A. and F. E. Putz (2003). "Fire in the suburbs: ecological impacts of prescribed fire in small remnants of longleaf pine (Pinus palustris) sandhill." Restoration Ecology 11: 72-81.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Cecil R. Slaughter, Travis MacClendon, Karen MacClendon, Cindi Stewart, Loran C. Anderson, R. K. Godfrey, Gwynn W. Ramsey, R. S. Mitchell, Donald E. Stone, R. Kral, Victoria I. Sullivan, Patricia Elliott, H. Kurz, and Palmer Kinser. States and counties: Florida: Nassau, Washington, Leon, Wakulla, Jackson, Liberty, Suwannee, Gadsden, Calhoun, and Alachua.
  4. Myster, R. W. and S. T. A. Pickett (1993). "Effects of litter, distance, density and vegetation patch type on post dispersal tree seed predation in old fields." Oikos 66: 381-388.