Quercus hemisphaerica

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Common names: Darlington oak, laurel oak [1]

Quercus hemisphaerica
File:Quercus hemisphaerica
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Q. hemisphaerica
Binomial name
Quercus hemisphaerica
W. Bartram
File:QUER HEMI DIST.JPG
Natural range of Quercus hemisphaerica from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: Q. laurifolia; Q. hemisphaerica var. maritima (Michaux) Muller

Variety: none

Description

Q. hemisphaerica is a perennial tree of the Fagaceae family that is native to North America. [1]

Distribution

Q. hemisphaerica is found in the southeastern United States; specifically, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Alalbama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

Q. hemisphaerica can be found in sandhills, dry hammocks, sandy soils, and other dry soils habitats. [2] Specimens have been collected from regions including upland sandy fields, wiregrass ridge, hardwood hammock, upland mixed woodland, upland old field, swampy woodland, roadside, upland pine-oak woodland, sand hill, and dried shores of cypress pond. [3]

Commonly found in long-leaf pinelands when the pines have been removed. Q. hemisphaerica is a woody species that can overtake a pine community is circumstances allow it. [4]

Phenology

Q. hemisphaerica has been observed to flower occurs in March, April, and May with peak inflorescence in March. [5]

Fire ecology

Q. hemisphaeric is an invasive native plant in the Florida Panhandle in regions that are fire suppressed. [6]

Conservation and Management

Q. hemisphaeric is an invasive native plant in the Florida Panhandle in regions that are fire suppressed.

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA Plant Database
  2. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: R.K. Godfrey, Dwayne Wise, Robert Doren, Tom Barnes, Angus Gholson, Walter Judd, Melanie Darst, Wayne Faircloth, Andre Clewell, Patricia Elliot, R. Kral, H. Kurz, W. Reese, Ann Redmond, Richard Mitchell, Bruce Hansen, JoAnn Hansen, O Lakela, Frank Almeda, George Cooley, Richard Eaton, James Ray Jr., S Leonard, D.W. Hall, Larry Hacker, Celeste Baylor, R. Komarek, Richard Gaskalla, William Platt. States and counties: Florida (Leon, Franklin, Jefferson, Wakulla, Marion, Walton, Jackson, Okaloosa, Volusia, Levy, Citrus, Dixie, Nassau, Taylor, Lafayette, Clay, Washington, Escambia, Hillsborouhg, Putna, Gadsden, St. Johns, Madison, Calhoun, Pasco, Columbia, Bay, Alachua) Georgia (Thomas, Grady)
  4. [Stallins, J. A. and J. Griggs (2004). "Influence of historic upland silviculture on the composition of ravine forests along the Apalachicola River, Florida, USA." Natural Areas Journal 24(3).]
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 24 MAY 2018
  6. Clewell, A. F. (2014). "Forest development 44 years after fire exclusion in formerly annually burned oldfield pine woodland, Florida." Castanea 79: 147-167.