Quercus hemisphaerica

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Common names: Darlington oak, laurel oak [1]

Quercus hemisphaerica
File:Quercus hemisphaerica
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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Q. hemisphaerica
Binomial name
Quercus hemisphaerica
W. Bartram
Natural range of Quercus hemisphaerica from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: Q. laurifolia

Variety: Q. hemisphaerica var. maritima (Michaux) Muller


Q. hemisphaerica is a perennial tree of the Fagaceae family that is native to North America.[1]


Q. hemisphaerica is found in the southeastern United States; specifically, Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Alalbama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas.[1]



Q. hemisphaerica can be found in sandhills, dry hammocks, sandy soils, and other dry soils habitats.[2] Specimens have been collected from regions including upland sandy fields, wiregrass ridge, hardwood hammock, upland mixed woodland, upland old field, swampy woodland, roadside, upland pine-oak woodland, sand hill, and dried shores of cypress pond.[3]

Commonly found in long-leaf pinelands when the pines have been removed. Q. hemisphaerica is a woody species that can overtake a pine community is circumstances allow it.[4]

Quercus hemisphaerica is frequent and abundant in the Xeric Flatwoods community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).[5]


Q. hemisphaerica has been observed to flower occurs in March, April, and May with peak inflorescence in March.[6]

Fire ecology

Q. hemisphaeric is an invasive native plant in the Florida Panhandle in regions that are fire suppressed.[7] Populations have been known to persist through repeated annual burns.[8][9][10]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Q. hemisphaeric is an invasive native plant in the Florida Panhandle in regions that are fire suppressed.

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA Plant Database
  2. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: R.K. Godfrey, Dwayne Wise, Robert Doren, Tom Barnes, Angus Gholson, Walter Judd, Melanie Darst, Wayne Faircloth, Andre Clewell, Patricia Elliot, R. Kral, H. Kurz, W. Reese, Ann Redmond, Richard Mitchell, Bruce Hansen, JoAnn Hansen, O Lakela, Frank Almeda, George Cooley, Richard Eaton, James Ray Jr., S Leonard, D.W. Hall, Larry Hacker, Celeste Baylor, R. Komarek, Richard Gaskalla, William Platt. States and counties: Florida (Leon, Franklin, Jefferson, Wakulla, Marion, Walton, Jackson, Okaloosa, Volusia, Levy, Citrus, Dixie, Nassau, Taylor, Lafayette, Clay, Washington, Escambia, Hillsborouhg, Putna, Gadsden, St. Johns, Madison, Calhoun, Pasco, Columbia, Bay, Alachua) Georgia (Thomas, Grady)
  4. [Stallins, J. A. and J. Griggs (2004). "Influence of historic upland silviculture on the composition of ravine forests along the Apalachicola River, Florida, USA." Natural Areas Journal 24(3).]
  5. Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.
  6. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 24 MAY 2018
  7. Clewell, A. F. (2014). "Forest development 44 years after fire exclusion in formerly annually burned oldfield pine woodland, Florida." Castanea 79: 147-167.
  8. Robertson, K.M. Unpublished data collected from Pebble Hill Fire Plots, Pebble Hill Plantation, Thomasville, Georgia.
  9. Glitzenstein, J. S., D. R. Streng, R. E. Masters, K. M. Robertson and S. M. Hermann 2012. Fire-frequency effects on vegetation in north Florida pinelands: Another look at the long-term Stoddard Fire Research Plots at Tall Timbers Research Station. Forest Ecology and Management 264: 197-209.
  10. Platt, W.J., R. Carter, G. Nelson, W. Baker, S. Hermann, J. Kane, L. Anderson, M. Smith, K. Robertson. 2021. Unpublished species list of Wade Tract old-growth longleaf pine savanna, Thomasville, Georgia.