Quercus falcata

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Common name: Spanish oak [1], southern red oak [1]

Quercus falcata
Quercus falcata AFP.jpg
Photo by Dennis Girard hosted at Atlas of Florida Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Q. falcata
Binomial name
Quercus falcata
Michx.
QUER FALC DIST.JPG
Natural range of Quercus falcata from USDA NRCS Plants Database

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Quercus falcata var. falcata; Q. falcata var. triloba (Michaux) Nuttall; Q. digitata Sudworth; Q. triloba Michaux

Varieties: none

Description

Q. falcata is a perennial tree of the Fagaceae family native to North America. [2]

Distribution

Q. falcata is found in the southeastern corner of the United States from Texas to New York. [2]

Ecology

Habitat

Q. falcata proliferates in upland forests, usually xeric or submesic, but occasionally in mesic situations. [1] Specimens have been collected from dry sandy soil, pasture, second growth upland mixed woodland, mixed hardwood, open pine-oak-hickorym dry sandy loam, upland old field, and near edge of bluff. [3]

Phenology

Q. falcata has been observed to flower in March, April, and October. [4]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by gravity. [5]

Fire ecology

Q. falcata is not fire resistant and has low fire tolerance. [2]

Conservation and Management

Q. falcata is listed as threatened by the Ohio Department of Natural Resources Division of Natural Areas and Preserves, and as endangered by the Pennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources. [2]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUFA
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran Anderson, Cecil Slaughter, R.K. Godfrey, W.D. Reese, H. Kurz, Kathy Craddock Burks, Patricia Elliot, R.F. Doren, Richard Mitchell, Celeste Baylor, Karen MacClendon, Daniel B. Ward, S.J. Ward, Kevin Oakes, Chris Cooksey, Palmer Kinser, Bob Farley. States and counties: Florida (Franklin, Marion, Jackson, Alachua, Leon, Wakulla, Washington, Okaloosa, Columbia, Liberty, Jefferson, Calhoun, Holmes, Nassau) South Carolina (Berkeley) Georgia (Brooks, Grady, Thomas) Alabama (Morgan)
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 24 MAY 2018
  5. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.