Solidago stricta

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Solidago stricta
Solidago stricta Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Solidago
Species: S. stricta
Binomial name
Solidago stricta
SOLI STRI dist.jpg
Natural range of Solidago stricta from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Wand goldenrod, Pine barren bog goldenrod, Willow-leaf goldenrod

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Solidago perlonga Fernald; S. gracillima

Subspecies: S. stricta Aiton ssp. gracillima (Torrey & A. Gray) Semple


A description of Solidago stricta is provided in The Flora of North America.


Solidago stricta is widespread across the southeastern Coastal Plain region with disjunct populations in western Cuba.[1]



In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, S. stricta can be found in open woodlands, pine flatwoods, pine-palmetto flatwoods, ditches, lagoon edges, banks of brackish marshes, high pinelands, longleaf pine-turkey oak ridges, salt flats bordering mangrove swamps, recently burned longleaf pine-wiregrass savannas, seepage bogs, banks of ephemeral ponds, tidal marshes, sandhills, and coastal dunes.[2] It can also be found in lawns, clobbered slash pines, recently planted slash pine plantations, roadsides, vacant lots, powerline corridors, and logged over hillside bogs. It tends to be more common in mesic and wet areas than dry areas.[3] Substrates include loamy sand, peaty sand, alluvial sands, limerock, sand, and sandy peat.[2]

S. stricta became absent in response to military training in west Georgia. It has shown resistance to regrowth in reestablished longleaf pine forests that were disturbed by this activity.[4]

Solidago stricta is an indicator species for the Upper Panhandle Savannas community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).[5]

Associated species include Vigna luteola, Liatris, Pityopsis, Aristida stricta, Pinus palustris, Andropogon, Solidago sempervirens, Senecio and Euthamia.[2]


S. stricta has been observed flowering year round and fruiting February through December.[2][6]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind.[7]

Fire ecology

Populations of Solidago stricta have been known to persist through repeated annual burning.[8]

Herbivory and toxicology

Solidago stricta has been observed to host the bee Colletes simulans (family Colletidae).[9]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

S. stricta should avoid soil disturbance by military training to conserve its presence in pine communities.[4]

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. Sorrie, B. A. and A. S. Weakley 2001. Coastal Plain valcular plant endemics: Phytogeographic patterns. Castanea 66: 50-82.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Cecil R Slaughter, Ann F. Johnson, Roomie Wilson, Robert L. Lazor, William P. Adams, R.K. Godfrey, William Reese, Paul Redfearn, John Morrill, R. Kral, M. Darst, Angus Gholson, F. C. Creager, D. B. Creager, Delzie Demaree, C. T. Reed, O. Lakela, J. B. Nelson, Sidney McDaniel, John Morrill, J. D. Lazor, V. I. Sullivan, A. H. Curtiss, A. F. Clewell, George R. Cooley, H. E. Grelen, Richard Carter, K. Craddock Burks, K. Studenroth, C. Florko, J. D. Lazor, Mark A Garland, Gary Knight, H. S. Conard, Rodie White, R. A. Norris, R. Komarek, Thomas E. Miller. States and Counties: Florida: Alachua, Bay, Broward, Calhoun, Charlotte, Dade, Dixie, Duval, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Hillsborough, Jackson, Leon, Liberty, Monroe, Nassau, Okaloosa, Pinellas, Polk, Putnam, Santa Rosa, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla. Georgia: Grady, Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  3. Walker, J. and R. K. Peet. 1983. Composition and species diversity of pine-wiregrass savannas of the Green Swamp, North Carolina. Vegetatio 55:163-179.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Dale, V.H., S.C. Beyeler, and B. Jackson. (2002). Understory vegetation indicators of anthropogenic disturbance in longleaf pine forests at Fort Benning, Georgia, USA. Ecological Indicators 1(3):155-170.
  5. Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.
  6. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 14 DEC 2016
  7. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  8. Platt, W.J., R. Carter, G. Nelson, W. Baker, S. Hermann, J. Kane, L. Anderson, M. Smith, K. Robertson. 2021. Unpublished species list of Wade Tract old-growth longleaf pine savanna, Thomasville, Georgia.
  9. [1]