Chrysopsis highlandsensis

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Chrysopsis highlandsensis
Chry high.jpg
Photo by Bobby Hattaway, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Chrysopsis
Species: C. highlandsensis
Binomial name
Chrysopsis highlandsensis
DeLaney & Wunderlin
CHRY HIGH dist.jpeg
Natural range of Chrysopsis highlandsensis from Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants.

Common name: Highlands goldenaster

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: none

Varieties: none

Description

C. highlandsensis is a perennial species with a short taproot and a basal rosette that shoots up a lanate flowering stem.[1]

Distribution

It is endemic to central peninsular Florida.[2]

Ecology

Habitat

C. highlandsensis is endemic to the Lake Wales Ridge and is found in sandpine scrubs, scrubby flatwoods, and turkey oak/longleaf communities.[1][3] It has been found in historically and chronically disturbed habitats [3] and has observed to have a high survival rate after hurricanes.[4] Associated species include Lechea cernua, Polygonella basiramia, Selaginella arenicola, and Liatris tenuifolia.[3]

Phenology

It is a semelparous species, usually flowering the third year of life. Yellow composite flowers appear November and December.[1]

Seed dispersal

The fruit is a composite achene with a pappus modified for wind dispersal.[1]

Seed bank and germination

It has been found to divide by rhizomes, tubers, corms, and bulbs.[5] It has been observed to produce a limited persistent soil seed bank.[1]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Chrysopsis highlandsensis at Archbold Biological Station:[6]

Andrenidae: Andrena fulvipennis

Apidae: Bombus impatiens

Halictidae: Agapostemon splendens, Lasioglossum miniatulus, Lasioglossum nymphalis

Megachilidae: Megachile brevis pseudobrevis, Megachile mendica

Conservation and management

Global Conservation Status: G2.[7]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 [Archbold Biological Station]Accessed: December 4, 2015
  2. Weakley, Alan S. Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States: Working Draft of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina Herbarium (NCU). PDF. 1102.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 [University of Florida Herbarium]Accessed: December 4, 2015
  4. Menges, E. S., C. W. Weekley, et al. (2011). "Effects of Hurricanes on Rare Plant Demography in Fire-Controlled Ecosystems." Biotropica 43(4): 450-458.
  5. [Dave's Garden]Accessed: December 4, 2015
  6. Deyrup, M.A. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowering plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
  7. [NatureServe]Accessed: December 4, 2015