Bigelowia nudata

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Common name: pineland rayless goldenrod

Bigelowia nudata
Bigelowia nudata SEF.jpg
Photo from the Southeastern Flora Plant Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Bigelowia
Species: B. nudata
Binomial name
Bigelowia nudata
(Michx.)
BIGE NUDA DIST.JPG
Natural range of Bigelowia nudata from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Chondrophora nudata (Michaux) Britton

Varieties: Bigelowia nudata (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle var. australis (L.C. Anderson) Shinners, Bigelowia nudata (Michaux) A.P. de Candolle var. nudata

Description

B. nudata, also known as the pineland rayless goldenrod, is a native perennial forb that is a member of the Asteraceae family [1]. The species also consists of rhizomes which it uses to propogate [2].

Distribution

B. nudata is found in the Southeast United States, ranging from Texas to North Carolina [1]. However, it is most frequent along the coast lines of lower Mississippi to North Carolina [2].

Ecology

Habitat

B. nudata can be found in moist sandy loams of savannahs, pine barrens, and margins of swamps as well as rich sandy soils in wet prairies and open pinelands [2]. It is a wide-ranging species, mainly occurring in wet to mesic habitats [3]. It can be found in disturbed sites such as front lawns and roadsides, while native habitats range from white-top pitcher plant prairies, wet pine flatwoods and cypress depressions, marsh edges, sandy scrub, dry sandy loams, and other moist areas. [4]

Associated species - Linum macrocarpum C. M. Rogers, Lophiola aurea Ker Gawl., Sarracenia alata Alph. Wood, Lachnocaulon digynum Koern., Magnolia virginiana L., and Scleria baldwinii (Torr.) Steud. [5].

Phenology

It flowers twice a year, in the spring as well as the fall ranging from October to May [2].

Fire ecology

B. nudata seems to respond positively to fire, due to seen increase in flowering after multiple burns over time have been conducted. [6]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 USDA Plants Database URL: https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=BINU
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Anderson, L. C. (1970). "Studies on Bigelowia (Asteraceae, Compositae). 1. Morphology and Taxonomy." Sida 3(7): 451-465.
  3. Anderson, L. C. (1977). "Studies on Bigelowia (Asteraceae). III. Cytotaxonomy and Biogeography." Systematic Botany 2(3): 209-218.
  4. Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Cecil R. Slaughter, Loran C. Anderson, Ann F. Johnson, S. W. Leonard, John B. Nelson, Bruce Hansen, JoAnn Hansen, R. K. Godfrey, L. Baltzell, R. A. Norris, R. Komarek, Lisa Keppner, Wade Biltoft, Steve L. Orzell, Edwin L. Bridges, Richard Carter, Olga Lakela, R. Kral, James D. Ray, Jr., George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, Sidney McDaniel, D. B. Ward, E. S. Ford, Erdman West, Paul L. Redfeam, Jr., R. R. Smith, Robert L. Lazor, M. Darst, and T. Myint. States and counties: Florida: Putnam, Walton, Franklin, Jackson, Bay, Volusia, Okaloosa, Flagler, Escambia, Santa Rosa, Wakulla, Calhoun, Liberty, Washington, Martin, Lee, Collier, Orange, Okeechobee, Osceola, Pinellas, Sumter, Pasco, Hillsborough, Sarasota, Palm Beach, Leon, Alachua, Nassau, Jefferson, and Bay. Georgia: Thomas. South Carolina: Berkeley.
  5. Reid, C. S. and P. L. Faulkner (2010). "Louisiana." Castanea 75(1): 138-140.
  6. Hinman, S. E. and J. S. Brewer (2007). "Responses of Two Frequently-Burned Wet Pine Savannas to an Extended Period without Fire." The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 134(4): 512-526.