Syngonanthus flavidulus

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Syngonanthus flavidulus
Syng flav.jpg
Photo by John R. Gwaltney, Southeastern Flora.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Eriocaulales
Family: Eriocaulaceae
Genus: Syngonanthus
Species: S. flavidulus
Binomial name
Syngonanthus flavidulus
(Michx.) Ruhl.
Syng flav dist.jpg
Natural range of Syngonanthus flavidulus from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Yellow hatpins, Bantam-buttons

Taxonomic notes

Description

A description of Syngonanthus flavidulus is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

S. flavidulus can be found in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. It is ranked vulnerable in North Carolina and imperiled in Mississippi and South Carolina.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plain in Florida, S. flavidulus habitats include pine-oak woodlands, wet pine flatwoods, margins of cypress wetlands, sphagnous bogs, and powerline corridors.[2] S. flavidulus grows in areas of copious ground water seepage in poorly drained soils and sandy loam. Strongly associated species include Lachnocaulon digynum, Sarracenia psittacina, and Xyris drummondii. Other associated species: Drosera capillaries, Eriocaulon decangulare, Eryngium integrifolium, and Oxypolis filiformis.[3][2]

Phenology

Flowers early spring to early summer.[4]

Seed bank and germination

This species was found viable in the seed bank of Florida pine flatwoods communities following fire after over 30 years of fire exclusion.[5]

Fire ecology

It has been observed growing in an annually burned longleaf pineland.[2]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Syngonanthus flavidulus at Archbold Biological Station: [6]

Colletidae: Colletes brimleyi, Colletes mandibularis, Hylaeus confluens

Halictidae: Agapostemon splendens, Augochlorella gratiosa, Augochloropsis sumptuosa, Halictus poeyi, Lasioglossum coreopsis, L. lepidii, L. nymphalis, L. puteulanum, L. tamiamensis, Sphecodes heraclei

Leucospididae: Leucospis robertsoni, L. slossonae

Megachilidae: Anthidiellum perplexum, Dianthidium floridiense, Hoplitis truncata, Megachile georgica

Pompilidae: Anoplius americanus trifasciatus, Anoplius marginalis, Aporinellus apicatus, Episyron conterminus posterus

Sphecidae: Ammophila pictipennis, Bicyrtes capnoptera, Cerceris blakei, C. compar, Ectemnius decemmaculatus tequesta, E. rufipes ais, Hoplisoides placidus placidus, Microbembex monodonta, Oxybelus decorosum, O. laetus fulvipes, Philanthus ventilabris, Prionyx thomae, Stictiella serrata, Tachysphex apicalis, T. similis

Vespidae: Leptochilus krombeini, L. republicanus, Pachodynerus erynnis, Parancistrocerus bicornis, P. fulvipes rufovestris, P. histrio, P. perennis anacardivora, P. salcularis rufulus, P. vagus slossoni, Pseudodynerus quadrisectus, Stenodynerus histrionalis rufustus, S. lineatifrons

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: November 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Bob Fewster, Robert K. Godfrey, R. Komarek, Marc Minno, R.A. Norris, Cecil R. Slaughter. States and Counties: Florida: Flagler, Franklin, Leon, Liberty, Wakulla. Georgia: Clinch, Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  1. [[1]]NatureServe. Accessed: March 17, 2016
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: November 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Bob Fewster, Robert K. Godfrey, R. Komarek, Marc Minno, R.A. Norris, Cecil R. Slaughter. States and Counties: Florida: Flagler, Franklin, Leon, Liberty, Wakulla. Georgia: Clinch, Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  3. Bridges, E. L. and S. L. Orzell (1989). "SYNGONANTHUS FLAVIDULUS (ERIOCAULACEAE) NEW TO MISSISSIPPI." SIDA, Contributions to Botany 13(4): 512-515.
  4. [[2]]Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed: March 17, 2016
  5. Maliakal, S.K., E.S. Menges and J.S. Denslow. 2000. Community composition and regeneration of Lake Wales Ridge wiregrass flatwoods in retlation to time-since-fire. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 127:125-138.
  6. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.