Difference between revisions of "Pinus elliottii"

From Coastal Plain Plants Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
 
Line 37: Line 37:
 
<!--===Phenology===--> <!--Timing off flowering, fruiting, seed dispersal, and environmental triggers.  Cite PanFlora website if appropriate: http://www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ -->
 
<!--===Phenology===--> <!--Timing off flowering, fruiting, seed dispersal, and environmental triggers.  Cite PanFlora website if appropriate: http://www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ -->
  
''Pinus elliottii'' var. ''elliottii'' is frequent and abundant in the Peninsula Xeric Sandhills, North Florida Longleaf Woodlands, North Florida Subxeric Sandhills, Xeric Flatwoods, North Florida Mesic Flatwoods, Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies, Calcareous Savannas, and North Florida Wet Flatlands community types as described in Carr et al. (2010).<ref>Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.</ref>
+
''Pinus elliottii'' var. ''elliottii'' is frequent and abundant in the Peninsula Xeric Sandhills, North Florida Longleaf Woodlands, North Florida Subxeric Sandhills, Xeric Flatwoods, North Florida Mesic Flatwoods, Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies, Calcareous Savannas, North Florida Wet Flatlands, and Upper Panhandle Savannas community types as described in Carr et al. (2010).<ref>Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.</ref>
  
 
''Pinus elliottii'' var. ''densa'' is frequent and abundant in the Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).<ref>Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.</ref>
 
''Pinus elliottii'' var. ''densa'' is frequent and abundant in the Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).<ref>Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.</ref>

Latest revision as of 13:42, 31 July 2020

Common name: slash pine [1]

Pinus elliottii
Pinus elliottii GM.JPG
Photo by John B hosted at Bluemelon.com/poaceae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Species: P. elliottii
Binomial name
Pinus elliottii
Engelm.
PINU ELLI DIST.JPG
Natural range of Pinus elliottii from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: P. elliottii var. elliottii; P. heterophylla

Varieties: none

Description

P. elliottii is a perennial tree of the Pinaceae family native to North America. [2]Seedlings have tall, thin trunks with open groups of needles.[3]

Distribution

P. elliottii is found along the southeastern coast of the United States from Texas to North Carolina. [2]

Ecology

Habitat

P. elliottii proliferates in wet pine flatwoods and maritime forests. [1] Specimens have been collected from sandy soils with virgin slash pine flatwoods, hollows between stable sand dunes, on bay shore of island, mixed hardwood swamp, pine plantation, open grassy field, in dry loamy sand of sandhill flat, longleaf pine community, and pine-oak-sweet gum woods. [4]

P. elliottii responds negatively to heavy silvilculture in North Florida. [5] It also responds positively to soil disturbance by clearcutting and roller chopping in North Florida.[6]

Pinus elliottii var. elliottii is frequent and abundant in the Peninsula Xeric Sandhills, North Florida Longleaf Woodlands, North Florida Subxeric Sandhills, Xeric Flatwoods, North Florida Mesic Flatwoods, Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies, Calcareous Savannas, North Florida Wet Flatlands, and Upper Panhandle Savannas community types as described in Carr et al. (2010).[7]

Pinus elliottii var. densa is frequent and abundant in the Central Florida Flatwoods/Prairies community type as described in Carr et al. (2010).[8]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind. [9]

Habitat

Adapted to mesic sites.[10]

Fire ecology

P. elliottii is fire resistant, but has a low fire tolerance. [2] P. elliottii var. densa has thick bark as an adult and a 'grass' stage as a juvenile that offer resistance to fire damage. [11]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIEL
  3. Moyroud R. 1996 South Florida Slash Pine Pinus ellioti variety densa Palmetto 16(4):11-12
  4. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Andre F. Clewell, E.A. Hebb, Elbert L. Little Jr., R.K. Godfrey, Cecil Slaughter, D.B. Ward, Poppleton, A.G. Shuey, Robert Kral, Patricia Elliot, Gwynn W. Ramsey, H. Larry E. Stripling, Loran Anderson, Bruce Hansen, T. Myint, R.R> Smith, F.C. Craighead, R. Komarek. States and counties: Florida (Wakulla, Hendry, Franklin, Leon, Flagler, lake, Monroe, Martin, Liberty, Madison, Gadsden, Lee, Highlands, Dade, Osceola) Georgia (Grady)
  5. Conde, L.F., B.F. Swindel, and J.E. Smith. (1986). Five Years of Vegetation Changes Following Conversion of Pine Flatwoods to Pinus elliottii Plantations. Forest Ecology and Management 15(4):295-300.
  6. Lewis, C.E., G.W. Tanner, and W.S. Terry. (1988). Plant responses to pine management and deferred-rotation grazing in north Florida. Journal of Range Management 41(6):460-465.
  7. Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.
  8. Carr, S.C., K.M. Robertson, and R.K. Peet. 2010. A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75:153-189.
  9. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  10. Moyroud R. 1996 South Florida Slash Pine Pinus elliottii variety densa Palmetto 16(4):11-12
  11. Abrahamson, W. G. and C. R. Abrahamson (1996). "Effects of Fire on Long-Unburned Florida Uplands." Journal of Vegetation Science 7(4): 565-574.