Pinus elliottii

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Common name: slash pine [1]

Pinus elliottii
Pinus elliottii GM.JPG
Photo by John B hosted at Bluemelon.com/poaceae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Pinus
Species: P. elliottii
Binomial name
Pinus elliottii
Engelm.
PINU ELLI DIST.JPG
Natural range of Pinus elliottii from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: P. elliottii var. elliottii; P. heterophylla

Varieties: none

Description

P. elliottii is a perennial tree of the Pinaceae family native to North America. [2]

Distribution

P. elliottii is found along the southeastern coast of the United States from Texas to North Carolina. [2]

Ecology

Habitat

P. elliottii proliferates in wet pine flatwoods and maritime forests. [1] Specimens have been collected from sandy soils with virgin slash pine flatwoods, hollows between stable sand dunes, on bay shore of island, mixed hardwood swamp, pine plantation, open grassy field, in dry loamy sand of sandhill flat, longleaf pine community, and pine-oak-sweet gum woods. [3]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by wind. [4]

Fire ecology

P. elliottii is fire resistant, but has a low fire tolerance. [2] P. elliottii var. densa has thick bark as an adult and a 'grass' stage as a juvenile that offer resistance to fire damage. [5]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PIEL
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Andre F. Clewell, E.A. Hebb, Elbert L. Little Jr., R.K. Godfrey, Cecil Slaughter, D.B. Ward, Poppleton, A.G. Shuey, Robert Kral, Patricia Elliot, Gwynn W. Ramsey, H. Larry E. Stripling, Loran Anderson, Bruce Hansen, T. Myint, R.R> Smith, F.C. Craighead, R. Komarek. States and counties: Florida (Wakulla, Hendry, Franklin, Leon, Flagler, lake, Monroe, Martin, Liberty, Madison, Gadsden, Lee, Highlands, Dade, Osceola) Georgia (Grady)
  4. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  5. Abrahamson, W. G. and C. R. Abrahamson (1996). "Effects of Fire on Long-Unburned Florida Uplands." Journal of Vegetation Science 7(4): 565-574.