Xyris curtissii

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Xyris difformis
Xyris difformis WF.jpg
Photo by Robert L. Stone hosted at Wildflowers.org
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Moncots
Order: Commelinales
Family: Xyridaceae
Genus: Xyris
Species: X. curtissii
Binomial name
Xyris curtissii
Natural range of Xyris curtissii from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common Name: Curtiss's yellow-eyed grass[1][2]

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: X. difformis Chapman var. curtissii; X. bayardii Fernald; X. neglecta.[3]


Xyris curtissii is a monoecious perennial forb/herb.[2] However there are some suggestions that X. curtissii may be annual in northern portions of its range while individuals in the southern parts are biennial or perennial.[4] It has linear leaves 5-10 cm long and 2-4 mm wide and its sheath occupies 1/3 to 1/2 the length of the straw-colored tawny leaves. Seeds are ellipsoid and around 0.4 mm long.[5]


This species occurs from southeastern Virginia, south to northeastern Florida, western and southern Arkansas, and east-central Texas. Disjunct populations are found in southern New Jersey and Central America.[1]



X. curtissii occurs on moist savannas, pine woodlands, pine flatwoods, boggy seepage slopes, river banks, and wet depression prairies.[1][4][6][7] It is also found in disturbed areas including wet open ditches, powerline corridors, and dam margins.[7] Associated species: Rhynchospora spp., Juncus spp., Drosera spp., and Hypericum.[7]


In the southeastern and mid-Atlantic United States, flowering occurs from July through August.[1]

Fire ecology

Populations of Xyris curtissii have been known to persist through repeated annual burning.

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Weakley AS (2015) Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 07 February 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  3. Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draf of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Kral R (1960) The genus Xyris in Florida. Rhodora 62(743):295-319.
  5. Malme GOK (1937) Xyridacea. North American Flora 19(1):3-15.
  6. Carr SC, Robertson KM, Peet RK (2010) A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75(2):153-189.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Florida State University Herbarium Database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2021. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R. A. Davidson, R.K. Godfrey, and R. F. Thorne. States and counties: Florida: Franklin, Gadsden, Jackson, Liberty, Nassau, and Santa Rosa.