Vitis aestivalis

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Common name: summer grape [1], silverleaf grape [1]

Vitis aestivalis
Vitis aestivalis IWF.jpg
Photo by John Hilty hosted at [1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Rhamnales
Family: Vitaceae
Genus: Vitis
Species: V. aestivalis
Binomial name
Vitis aestivalis
Michx.
VITI AEST DIST.JPG
Natural range of Vitis aestivalis from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: V. rufotomentosa Small

Varieties: V. aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis, V. aestivalis Michaux var. bicolor Deam

Description

V. aestivalis is a perennial vine in the Vitaceae family native to North America and Canada. [2]

Distribution

V. aestivalis is found in the eastern half of the United States and California, as well as the Ontario region of Canada. [2]

Ecology

Habitat

V. aestivalis proliferates in forests and woodlands, mostly upland. [1]

Associated Species- V. aestivalis has been found with plants of the following genera: Ulmus, Betula, Quercus, and Carpinus [3].

Phenology

V. aestivalis has been observed to flower in April and May. [4]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by consumption by vertebrates. [5]

Fire ecology

. V. aestivalis is not fire resistant and has low fire tolerance. [2]

Use by animals

V. aestivalis has high palatability for browsing animals and humans, but low palatability for grazing animals. [2]

Conservation and Management

V. aestivalis is listed as endangered by the Maine Department of Conservation Natural Areas Program, as a prohibited noxious weed by the Ohio Department of Agriculture Plant Industry Division, and as a weedy or invasive species by the state agriculture or natural resource departments of 46 states. [2]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VIAE
  3. Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, R. A. Norris, Richard S. Mitchell, Chris Cooksey, R. Hayes, Loran C. Anderson, J. M. Kane, Kevin M. Robertson. States and Counties: Florida: Dixie, Gilchrist, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, and Wakulla. Georgia: Liberty, Seminole, and Thomas.
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 30 MAY 2018
  5. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.