|Photo by John Hilty hosted at |
|Division:||Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants|
|Class:||Magnoliopsida - Dicots|
| Vitis aestivalis|
|Natural range of Vitis aestivalis from USDA NRCS Plants Database.|
Synonyms: V. rufotomentosa Small
Varieties: V. aestivalis Michaux var. aestivalis, V. aestivalis Michaux var. bicolor Deam
V. aestivalis is a perennial vine in the Vitaceae family native to North America and Canada. 
V. aestivalis is found in the eastern half of the United States and California, as well as the Ontario region of Canada. 
V. aestivalis proliferates in forests and woodlands, mostly upland. 
Associated Species- V. aestivalis has been found with plants of the following genera: Ulmus, Betula, Quercus, and Carpinus .
V. aestivalis has been observed to flower in April and May. 
This species is thought to be dispersed by consumption by vertebrates. 
. V. aestivalis is not fire resistant and has low fire tolerance. 
Use by animals
V. aestivalis has high palatability for browsing animals and humans, but low palatability for grazing animals. 
Conservation and Management
V. aestivalis is listed as endangered by the Maine Department of Conservation Natural Areas Program, as a prohibited noxious weed by the Ohio Department of Agriculture Plant Industry Division, and as a weedy or invasive species by the state agriculture or natural resource departments of 46 states. 
Cultivation and restoration
References and notes
- Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
- USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VIAE
- Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, R. A. Norris, Richard S. Mitchell, Chris Cooksey, R. Hayes, Loran C. Anderson, J. M. Kane, Kevin M. Robertson. States and Counties: Florida: Dixie, Gilchrist, Gulf, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, and Wakulla. Georgia: Liberty, Seminole, and Thomas.
- Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 30 MAY 2018
- Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.