Viburnum rufidulum

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Common names: rusty blackhaw[1], Southern blackhaw[2]

Viburnum rufidulum
Viburnum rufidulum FI.jpg
Photo by James H. Miller, USDA Forest Service, hosted at
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: V. rufidulum
Binomial name
Viburnum rufidulum
Natural range of Viburnum rufidulum from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: V. rufotomentosum Small.[3]


V. rufidulum is a perennial shrub/tree of the Caprifoliaceae family that is native to North America.[1]


V. rufidulum is found in the southeastern United States; specifically in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas.[1]



Common habitats for V. rufidulum include dry woodlands, dry-mesic woodlands and forests, and is commonly grown over mafic rocks.[4]

Samples have been found in deciduous woods, floodplain hardwoods, upland woods, sides of the road, ravines, understory of second growth hardwood, deciduous forest, mixed woodland, pine hardwood forests, palm hammock, and other loamy sand environments.[5]


V. rufidulum has been observed to flower March through May with peak inflorescence in April.[6]

Fire ecology

Populations of Viburnum rufidulum have been known to persist through repeated annual burning.[7]


Viburnum rufidulum has been observed with treehoppers such as Ophiderma salamandra (family Membracidae).[8]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Cultural use

Viburnum rufidulum produces a fruit that can be eaten raw or used in goods such as jellies or pies.[9]

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 USDA Plant Database
  2. Davis, J., J. Eric, et al. (2002). "Vascular flora of Piedmont Prairies: Evidence from several prairie remnants." Castanea 67(1): 1-12.
  3. Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draf of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  4. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  5. URL: Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Robert K. Godfrey, Kurt Blum, Gwynn Ramsey, Richard S. Mitchell, Patricia Elliot, Gary R. Knight, Cecil R. Slaughter, George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, Robert L. Lazor, N. Summerlin, J.M. Kane, Annie Schmidt, William Platt, Richard Carter. States and counties: Florida (Gadsden, Jackson, Santa Rosa, Suwannee, Leon, Liberty, Escambia, Wakulla, Okaloosa, Flagler, Hernando, Calhoun, Bay) Georgia (Lowndes, Thomas)
  6. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 29 MAY 2018
  7. Platt, W.J., R. Carter, G. Nelson, W. Baker, S. Hermann, J. Kane, L. Anderson, M. Smith, K. Robertson. 2021. Unpublished species list of Wade Tract old-growth longleaf pine savanna, Thomasville, Georgia.
  8. [1]
  9. Hardin, J.W., Arena, J.M. 1969. Human Poisoning from Native and Cultivated Plants. Duke University Press, Durham, North Carolina.