Viburnum nudum

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Viburnum nudum
Viburnum nudum Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Viburnum
Species: V. nudum
Binomial name
Viburnum nudum
L.
VIBU NUDU dist.jpg
Natural range of Viburnum nudum from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Possumhaw, Southern wild raisin

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Viburnum nudum var. nudum; Viburnum nudum var. angustifolium Torrey & A. Gray

Description

"Shrubs or less frequently small trees. Leaves simple, opposite, palmately lobed or toothed, rarely nearly entire; stipules absent, or present and adnate to the petioles. Cyme compound, flat-topped. Sepals 5, very small; corolla 5-lobed, rotate, white or pinkish, fertile flowers 5-8 mm broad; stamens 5. Sterile flowers, when present, usually zygomorphic, marginal and large. Drupe 1-seeded, usually laterally compressed." [1]

"Medium sized shrub. Similar to V. cassinoides. Leaves elliptic to elliptic-oblanceolate, 5-12 cm long, 2-6 cm wide, acute to acuminate, base cuneate to rarely rounded; petioles 0.5-2.5 cm long. Peduncles 1-4 cm long, rarely shorter, equaling or longer than the rays." [1]

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, V. nudum can be found in mesic thickets, mesic woodlands, along spring-fed lakes, swampy woodlands, creek heads, ravine seepage areas, stagnant branch swamps, bottomland hardwood stands, pine-titi flats, floodplains, acid flatwoods in sweet bay swamps, pine flatwoods, pine-saw palmetto flatwoods, annually burned pinelands, coastal hammocks, and hickory-oak-magnolia forests. [2] It has also been found along gas pipeline corridors, nature trails, powerline cooridors, and logged pine flatwoods. It has been found to grow in sandy peat soils and loamy sand. [2]

Associated species include Gordonia, Illicium, Magnolia, Stewartia, Myrica cerifera, Vitis rotundifolia, Lyonia lucida, Thelypteris palustris, Itea virginica, Clethra alnifolia, Leucothoe racemosa, Solidago, Nyssa biflora, Taxodium ascendens, Smilax laurifolia, Acer rubrum, and Magnolia virginiana. [2]

Phenology

V. nudum has been observed to flower and fruit March through November with peak inflorescence in April.[2][3]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Radford, Albert E., Harry E. Ahles, and C. Ritchie Bell. Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. 1964, 1968. The University of North Carolina Press. 993. Print.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, H. Kurz, Ann F. Johnson, Angus Gholson, Wilson Baker, R. R. Smith, Robert K. Godfrey, Robert Kral, P. L. Redfearn, K. Craddock Burks, Bruce Hansen, G. Robinson, Andre F. Clewell, J. P. Gillespie, E. S. Ford, P. White, Bruce Nelson, L. B. Trott, Lloyd H. Shinners, Robert J Lemaire, A. G. Shuey, R.A. Norris, R. Komarek, Cecil R Slaughter, Michael Keys, Annie Schmidt. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Clay, Columbia, DeSoto, Duval, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, Okaloosa, Osceola, Polk, Santa Rosa, St. Johns, Union, Wakulla, Walton. Georgia: Clinch, Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  3. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 15 DEC 2016