Verbesina virginica

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Verbesina virginica
Verbesina virginica Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Verbesina
Species: V. virginica
Binomial name
Verbesina virginica
L.
VERB VIRG dist.jpg
Natural range of Verbesina virginica from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: White crownbeard, Common Frostweed

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Phaethusa virginica (Linnaeus) Britton; Verbesina virginica Linnaeus var. virginica

Variety: Verbesina virginica Linnaeus var. laciniata (Poiret) A. Gray

Description

A description of Verbesina virginica is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

Verbesina virginica can be found in sandy loams of mixed hardwoods; floodplains; mixed oak-pine woodlands; live oak woods; sandy dunes; slash pinewoods; open calcareous bluffs; scrubs; mesic woodlands of shallow ravines; clay soils of mixed hardwood/cabbage palm communities; calcareous banks of rivers; deciduous upland woods; wet hammocks; swamps; near brackish water; wooded pasture with exposed limestone; low swamp with alluvial soil; pine-oak-hickory woodlands; limestone glades; cedar glade near shallow stream; and wet pine flatwoods. [1]

Associated species include Melanthera nivea, Myrica cerifera, Baccharis, Polymnia, Sabal, Quercus, Schinus, Desmodium ochroleucum, D. rotundifolium Rhynchosia, Rhus aromatica, Polymnia uvedalia, Melanthera nivea, and Calyptocarpus. [1]

Phenology

V. virginica has been observed to flower March through December with peak inflorescence in September and fruit September through November.[1][2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Kathy Craddock Burks, Robert Kral, Robert K. Godfrey, M. R. Darst, Victoria I. Sullivan, R. E. Perdue, Jr., Richard S. Mitchell, Robert L. Lazor, Jean W. Wooten, Cecil R Slaughter, Marc Minno, George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, James D. Ray, Jr., James R. Burkhalter, R. M. Eilers, Andre F. Clewell, J. B. Nelson, S. D. Todd, Delzie Demaree, H. F L. Rock, Robert Runyon, James W. Hardin, J. Mendell, B. C. Tharpe, Fred A. Barkley, J. Haesloop, Sidney McDaniel, Paul L. Redfearn, Jr., R. A. Pursell, W. M. Longnecker, J. P. Gillespie, Lester F. Ward, Harry E. Ahles,, C. L. Lundell, John W. Thieret, Norlan C. Henderson, K. E. Blum, W. D. Reese, O. Hester, A. E. Radford, C. L. Lundell, Amelia Lundell, V. L. Cory, R. Komarek, R. A. Norris. States and Counties: Alabama: Limestone. Arkansas, Hot Springs, Howard, Lawrence, Marion, Polk, Yell. Florida: Brevard, Clay, Dade, Dixie, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Hernando, Hillsborough, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Leon, Liberty, Osceola, Pinellas, St. John, Taylor, Wakulla, Walton. Georgia: Grady, Thomas, Walker. Kentucky: Jessamine. Louisiana: Iberia, Lafayette, Ouachita. Mississippi: Chickasaw, Coahoma, Hancock, Jackson. Missouri: Douglas, Franklin, Stone. South Carolina: Charleston, Pickens. Tennessee: Davidson, Rutherford, Sumner. Texas: Cameron, Dallas, Gonzales, Hays, Hidlago, Somervell. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  2. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 15 DEC 2016