Verbesina virginica

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Verbesina virginica
Verbesina virginica Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Verbesina
Species: V. virginica
Binomial name
Verbesina virginica
VERB VIRG dist.jpg
Natural range of Verbesina virginica from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: White crownbeard, Common Frostweed

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Phaethusa laciniata (Poiret) Small; Phaethusa virginica (Linnaeus) Britton.[1]

Variety: Verbesina virginica Linnaeus var. laciniata (Poiret) A. Gray.[2]


A description of Verbesina virginica is provided in The Flora of North America.


Verbesina virginica is endemic to an area from southern South Carolina to peninsular Florida, but the majority is found in Florida.[3]



Verbesina virginica can be found in sandy loams of mixed hardwoods; floodplains; mixed oak-pine woodlands; live oak woods; sandy dunes; slash pinewoods; open calcareous bluffs; scrubs; mesic woodlands of shallow ravines; clay soils of mixed hardwood/cabbage palm communities; calcareous banks of rivers; deciduous upland woods; wet hammocks; swamps; near brackish water; wooded pasture with exposed limestone; low swamp with alluvial soil; pine-oak-hickory woodlands; limestone glades; cedar glade near shallow stream; and wet pine flatwoods.[4]

Associated species include Melanthera nivea, Myrica cerifera, Baccharis, Polymnia, Sabal, Quercus, Schinus, Desmodium ochroleucum, D. rotundifolium Rhynchosia, Rhus aromatica, Polymnia uvedalia, Melanthera nivea, and Calyptocarpus.[4]


V. virginica has been observed to flower March through December with peak inflorescence in September and fruit September through November.[4][5]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draf of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  2. Weakley, A.S. 2015. Flora of the southern and mid-atlantic states. Working Draf of 21 May 2015. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  3. Sorrie, B. A. and A. S. Weakley 2001. Coastal Plain valcular plant endemics: Phytogeographic patterns. Castanea 66: 50-82.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Kathy Craddock Burks, Robert Kral, Robert K. Godfrey, M. R. Darst, Victoria I. Sullivan, R. E. Perdue, Jr., Richard S. Mitchell, Robert L. Lazor, Jean W. Wooten, Cecil R Slaughter, Marc Minno, George R. Cooley, R. J. Eaton, James D. Ray, Jr., James R. Burkhalter, R. M. Eilers, Andre F. Clewell, J. B. Nelson, S. D. Todd, Delzie Demaree, H. F L. Rock, Robert Runyon, James W. Hardin, J. Mendell, B. C. Tharpe, Fred A. Barkley, J. Haesloop, Sidney McDaniel, Paul L. Redfearn, Jr., R. A. Pursell, W. M. Longnecker, J. P. Gillespie, Lester F. Ward, Harry E. Ahles,, C. L. Lundell, John W. Thieret, Norlan C. Henderson, K. E. Blum, W. D. Reese, O. Hester, A. E. Radford, C. L. Lundell, Amelia Lundell, V. L. Cory, R. Komarek, R. A. Norris. States and Counties: Alabama: Limestone. Arkansas, Hot Springs, Howard, Lawrence, Marion, Polk, Yell. Florida: Brevard, Clay, Dade, Dixie, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Hernando, Hillsborough, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Lee, Leon, Liberty, Osceola, Pinellas, St. John, Taylor, Wakulla, Walton. Georgia: Grady, Thomas, Walker. Kentucky: Jessamine. Louisiana: Iberia, Lafayette, Ouachita. Mississippi: Chickasaw, Coahoma, Hancock, Jackson. Missouri: Douglas, Franklin, Stone. South Carolina: Charleston, Pickens. Tennessee: Davidson, Rutherford, Sumner. Texas: Cameron, Dallas, Gonzales, Hays, Hidlago, Somervell. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 15 DEC 2016