Vaccinium stamineum

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Common name: dwarf deerberry [1], Appalachian deerberry [1], Florida deerberry [1], whiteleaf deerberry [1], southern deerberry [1], common deerberry [1]

Vaccinium stamineum
Vaccinium stamineum SEF.jpg
Photo by John Gwaltney hosted at Southeastern Flora.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Vaccinium
Species: V. stamineum
Binomial name
Vaccinium stamineum
L.
VACC STAM DIST.JPG
Natural range of Vaccinium stamineum from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: (for var. 2) Polycodium candicans Small; V. candicans (C. Mohr) Sleumer; (for var. glandulosum) Polycodium glandulosum W.W. Ashe; (for var. sericeum) Polycodium sericeum (C. Mohr) C.B. Robinson

Varieties: Vaccinium stamineum Linnaeus var. 1; Vaccinium stamineum Linnaeus var. 2; Vaccinium stamineum Linnaeus var. caesium (Greene) D.B. Ward; Vaccinium stamineum Linnaeus var. glandulosum (W.W. Ashe) D.B. Ward; Vaccinium stamineum Linnaeus var. sericeum (C. Mohr) D.B. Ward; Vaccinium stamineum Linnaeus var. stamineum

Description

V. stamineum is a perennial shrub of the Ericaceae family native to North America and Canada. [2]

Distribution

V. stamineum is found in the southeastern corner of the United States from Texas to Maine, as well as the Ontario region of Canada. [2]

Ecology

Habitat

V. stamineum proliferates in pinelands, xeric to submesic woodlands and forests, including pineoak/heath and shrub balds, pine flatwoods, and rock outcrops (unlike most Vaccinium, often on mafic, ultramafic, or calcareous rocks). [1] Specimens have been collected from planted pine in sand ridge, drying loamy sands, old field, slash pine scrub oak, longleaf pineland, mesic hammock, mixed hardwood forest, floodplain, hardwood hammock, and recently burned pineland. [3]

Phenology

V. stamineum has been observed to flower February through May and in July. [4]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by consumption by vertebrates. [5]

Fire ecology

V. stamineum is not fire resistant but has medium fire tolerance. [2]

Use by animals

V. stamineum has medium palatability for browsing and grazing animals. [2]

Conservation and Management

V. stamineum is listed as endangered by the Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife Nongame and Natural Heritage Program. [2]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=VAST
  3. Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, Loran C. Anderson, Travis MacClendon, Karen MacClendon, Bian Tan, Scott Zona, Gary R. Knight, Richard S. Mitchell, K. Craddock Burks, D. L. Fichtner, R. A. Norris, R. F. Doren, K. M. Meyer, A. Townesmith, T. E. Smith, J. Beckner, W. G. D’Arcy, Annemarie Post, Cecil R. Slaughter, Sidney McDaniel, Leon Neel, R. Komarek, Richard Carter. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Columbia, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Jackson, Jefferson, Lafayette, Leon, Liberty, Madison, Marion, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Sarasota, St. Johns, Suwannee, Wakulla, and Washington. Georgia: Atkinson, Brooks, Grady, Taylor, and Thomas.
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 29 MAY 2018
  5. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.