Trilisa paniculata

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Trilisa paniculata
Trilisa paniculata SEF.jpg
Photo by John Gwaltney hosted at Southeastern
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Trilisa
Species: T. paniculata
Binomial name
Trilisa paniculata
(J.F. Gmel.) Herb.
Natural range of Trilisa paniculata from Weakley. [1]

Common Names: trilisa;[1] hairy chaffhead[2]

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: Carphephorus paniculatus (J.F. Gmelin) Herbert


T. paniculata is a dioecious perennial forb/herb.[2]


This species occurs from southeastern North Carolina, south to southern Florida, and westward to the Florida panhandle and southern Alabama.[1]



T. paniculata occurs in savannas and flatwoods.[1]


In the southeastern and mid-Atlantic United States, flowering occurs from August through October and fruiting from September through November.[1]

Fire ecology

In Georgia cut over pine forests, percent coverage of T. paniculata decreases with the number of growing seasons since fire, from 0.8 after one season, to 0.2 after two and three seasons, and 0.1 after eight.[3]

Use by animals

T. paniculata have been found in the stomachs of white-tailed deer in central peninsular Florida.[4]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Weakley AS (2015) Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (, 14 February 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  3. Lemon PC (1949) Successional responses of herbs in the longleaf-slash pine forest after fire. Ecology 30(2):135-145.
  4. Harlow RF (1961) Fall and winter foods of Florida white-tailed deer. The Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 24(1):19-38.