Tragia smallii

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Tragia smallii
Trag smal.jpg
Photo by Roger Hammer, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Euphorbiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Tragia
Species: T. smallii
Binomial name
Tragia smallii
Shinners
TRAG SMAL dist.jpg
Natural range of Tragia smallii from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Small's noseburn, Gulf Coast noseburn

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: T. betonicaefolia Nuttall

Description

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, T. smallii can be found in recently burned scrubs, scrub oak-wiregrass communities, wiregrass-pine flatwoods, longleaf pine/wiregrass/scrub oak sandhills, recently burned longleaf pine/wiregrass communities, pine savannas, and around ephemeral ponds. [1] [2] It can also be found along old logging roads, recreation areas, and bulldozed wiregrass-pinewoods. Soil types include loamy sand, sand, sandy loam, and loamy soil. [1] Associated species include Liatris, Panicum, Leptoloma cognata, Sphenopholis nitida, Euphorbia inundata, Paspalum, Rhynchospora, Macbridea, and Justicia crassifolia. [1]

Phenology

T. smallii has been observed flowering April through October and fruiting April through August.[1][3]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by ants and/or explosive dehiscence. [4]

Fire ecology

It is fire tolerant; Tragia smallii was found frequently on plots in the Kisatchie National Forest burned 20 times each in March and July from 1962 to 1998, but rarely on plots burned in May. [2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, H. E. Grelen, Sidney McDaniel, Angus Gholson, Travis MacClendon, Karen MacClendon, Annie Schmidt. States and Counties: Florida: Calhoun, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Liberty, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Wakulla, Walton, Washington. Georgia: Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Haywood, J. D., F. L. Harris, et al. (2001). "Vegetative response to 37 years of seasonal burning on Louisiana longleaf pine site." Southern Journal of Applied Forestry 25: 122-130.
  3. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 14 DEC 2016
  4. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.