Symphyotrichum patens

From Coastal Plain Plants Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Symphyotrichum patens
Symphyotrichum patens 2.JPG
Photo by Kevin Robertson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Symphyotrichum
Species: S. patens
Binomial name
Symphyotrichum patens
(Aiton) G.L. Nesom
SYMP PATE dist.jpg
Natural range of Symphyotrichum patens from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Late purple aster, Spreading aster

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Aster patens Aiton var. patens; Virgulus patens (Aiton) Reveal & Keener var. patens; A. patens var. gracilis Hooker


Varieties: Symphyotrichum patens (Aiton) G.L. Nesom var. patens; Symphyotrichum patens (Aiton) G.L. Nesom var. gracile (Hooker) G.L. Nesom; Symphyotrichum patens (Aiton) G.L. Nesom var. patentissimum (Lindley ex A.P. de Candolle) G.L. Nesom; Symphyotrichum patens (Aiton) G.L. Nesom var. terranigrum J.J.N. Campbell & Seymour

Description

A description of Symphyotrichum patens is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

This species can live in humid, subtropical climates in drying sandy loam on the edges of woodland remnants, shade of mesic woodlands, xeric limestone prairies, open old-field pine woods, and sandy clay of the Red Hills. [1] [2] [3] It can live in communities dominated by post oak as well. [1] This species is also found in disturbed habitats such as upland pine-hardwoods, partially wooded vacant lots, and beside trail edges. [2] Associated species include Pinus echinata, Schoenus nigricans, Solidago odora, Callicarpa americana, Myrica cerifera, Liquiambar styraciflua, and Rhus copallinum. [2]

Phenology

S. patens has been observed flowering in January, March through May, October, and November and fruiting between October and November.[2][4]

Fire ecology

Burton found that the percent cover of S. patens showed a positive linear response to increased fire frequency. [1]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Burton, J. A. (2009). Fire frequency effects on vegetation of an upland old growth forest in eastern Oklahoma. Environmental Science. Stillwater, Oklahoma, Oklahoma State University. Bachelor: 78.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL:http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Angus Gholson Jr., R. Kral, Robert K. Godfrey, Angela M. Reid, K. M. Robertson, Ann F. Johnson, and Wilson Baker. States and Counties: Florida: Gadsden and Leon.
  3. McClain, W. E. and J. E. Ebinger (2014). "Vascular Flora of Buettner Xeric Limestone Prairies, Monroe County, Illinois." Southern Appalachian Botanical Society.
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 14 DEC 2016