Stylisma patens

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Stylisma patens
Stylisma patens Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Solanales
Family: Convolvulaceae
Genus: Stylisma
Species: S. patens
Binomial name
Stylisma patens
(Desr.) Myint
STYL PATE dist.jpg
Natural range of Stylisma patens from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Coastal Plain dawnflower, Common dawnflower

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Stylisma patens (Desrousseaux) Myint ssp. patens; Bonamia patens (Desrousseaux) Shinners var. patens; Stylisma patens (Desrousseaux) Myint var. patens; Bonamia aquatica (Walter) A. Gray

Description

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plains, S. patens has been documented in a longleaf pine-mixed oak-wiregrass association on a sandy hill slope; frequently burned, mature longleaf pine-wiregrass community; sand of open pine/oak flatwoods; sandhills; edge of longleaf-slash pine/wiregrass community; oak scrub; high turkey oak sandhill; cyrpess depressions in flatwoods; sandy upland pine-oak forests; turkey oak-wiregrass community; upland pinewoods; and longleaf pine-oak barrens. [1] In disturbed habitats it has been found in boggy powerline corridors, moderately disturbed longleaf pine restoration sites, dry powerline corridors, sandy roadsides, turkey oak barren clearing, bulldozed scrub oak sandhills, and gravel pits. Soil types include sand and loamy sand. [1] Associated species include Liatris, Erianthus, Gymnopogon, Rhynchospora, Paronychia, and Dyschoriste. [1]

Phenology

S. patens has been observed flowering May through September with peak inflorescence in June and fruiting May through November.[1][2]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by gravity. [3]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: R. A. Norris, Robert K. Godfrey, Loran C. Anderson, Cecil R Slaughter, Gil Nelson, W. W. Baker, R. R. Smith, T. Myint, R. Buchanan, S. W. Leonard, Robert Kral, Mable Kral, R. L. Lazor, Jean Wooten, Patricia Elliot, Sidney McDaniel, William Reese, Paul Redfearn, A. E. Radford, D. S. Correll, D. B. Ward, B. Moore, Walter S. Judd, A. F. Clewell, J. Beckner, Olga Lakela, E. West, Lovett E. Williams, S. B. Jones, M. L. Fernald, C. Ritchie Bell, O. M. Freeman. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Citrus, Duval, Flagler, Franklin, Gadsden, Gilchrist, Gulf, Hernando, Hillsborough, Jackson, Jefferson, Lafayette, Leon, Liberty, Madison, Marion, Nassau, Putnam, Taylor, Wakulla, Washington. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  2. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 14 DEC 2016
  3. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.