Sporobolus floridanus

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Sporobolus floridanus
Sporobolus floridanus DL.jpg
Photo by Bobby Hattaway hosted at Discoverlife.org
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Moncots
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Sporobolus
Species: S. floridanus
Binomial name
Sporobolus floridanus
Chapm.
SPOR FLOR DIST.JPG
Natural range of Sporobolus floridanus from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common Name(s): Florida dropseed[1]

Taxonomic Notes

Description

‘’Sporobolus floridanus’’ is a monoecious perennial graminoid. [2]

Distribution

It can be found in South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, and Alabama.[1][2]

Ecology

Habitat

S. floridanus is found in wet savannas,[1], seepage bogs, and titi/cypress swamps and is abundant in wet pine savannas.[3] In north Florida mesic flatwoods S. floridanus occurred in 53% of plots with a mean coverage of 0.0613 m-2 and was the sole herbaceous indicator species this community type.[4]

Phenology

S. floridanus has been observed to flower from June through September.[1][5]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by gravity. [6]

Fire ecology

In Georgia, the percent cover of S. floridanus increased from 0.4% after one growing season following a burn to 1.0% after 8 growing seasons.[7]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Weakley A. S.(2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 USDA, NRCS. (2016). The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 10 January 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  3. Drewa P. B., Platt W. J., and Moser E. B. (2002). Community structure along elevation gradients in headwater regions of longleaf pine savannas. Plant Ecology 160(1):61-78.
  4. Carr S. C., Robertson K. M., and Peet R. K. (2010). A vegetation classification of fire-dependent pinelands of Florida. Castanea 75(2):153-189.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 10 JAN 2018
  6. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.
  7. Lemon P. C. (1949). Successional responses of herbs in the longleaf-slash pine forest after fire. Ecology 30(2):135-145.