Spiranthes vernalis

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Spiranthes vernalis
Spir vern.jpg
Photo by Keith Bradley, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Orchidales
Family: Orchidaceae
Genus: Spiranthes
Species: S. vernalis
Binomial name
Spiranthes vernalis
Engelm. & A. Gray
SPIR VERN dist.jpg
Natural range of Spiranthes vernalis from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Spring lady's tresses

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Ibidium vernale (Engelmann & A. Gray) House


A description of Spiranthes vernalis is provided in The Flora of North America.




In the Coastal Plain, S. vernalis can be found with Polygala cymosa and Lachnanthes.[1]


S. vernalis has been observed flowering April through June with peak inflorescence in May and fruiting May through June.[1][2]

Fire ecology

Populations of Spiranthes vernalis have been known to persist through repeated annual burns.[3]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, Sidney McDaniel, Jean W. Wooten, Loran C. Anderson, Steve L. Orzell, E. L. Bridges, R. Kral, William Lindsey, P. L. Redfearn, Jr., Lovette E. Williams, Karen MacClendon, John B. Nelson, R. Komarek, Wilson Baker. States and Counties: Florida: Baker, Calhoun, Clay, Columbia, Dixie, Escambia, Franklin, Gadsden, Gulf, Hamilton, Holmes, Leon, Nassau, Pasco, Polk, Santa Rosa, St. Johns, Taylor, Wakulla, Walton. Georgia: Grady. South Carolina: Richland. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  2. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 14 DEC 2016
  3. Robertson, K.M. Unpublished data collected from Pebble Hill Fire Plots, Pebble Hill Plantation, Thomasville, Georgia.