Solidago gracillima

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Solidago gracillima
Solidago gracillima WF.jpg
Photo by RW Smith hosted at
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Genus: Solidago
Species: S. gracillima
Binomial name
Solidago gracillima
Torr. and A. Gray
Natural range of Solidago gracillima from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common Name(s): southern bog goldenrod; graceful goldenrod;[1] Virginia goldenrod[2]

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym(s): S. austrina Small; S. perlonga Fernald; S. flavovirens; S. stricta Aiton ssp. gracillima (Torrey & A. Gray) Semple


Solidago gracillima is a dioecious perennial forb/herb.[2] It has large inflorescences that are very open and have few long branches and smaller compact inflorescence without elongated lower branches.[3]


This species is found from east Virginia, south to the central Florida panhandle, westward to south Alabama, and inland to Kentucky.[1][2]



S. gracillima is found in wet pine savannas, pine-oak woodlands, pine forests, sandy furrows, turkey oak sand ridges, wooded bluffs along creeks, longleaf pine-wiregrass, pine flatwoods, and seepage bogs.[1][4] It is also found in disturbed areas like longleaf pine restoration sites.[4]

Associated species: S. odora, S. arguta, Pityopsis aspera, Liatris gracilis, Calamintha dentata, and Symphyotrichum.[4]


S. gracillima has been observed to flower August through November.[1][5]

Fire ecology

Populations of Solidago gracillima have been known to persist through repeated annual burning.[6]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Weakley AS (2015) Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (, 118 January 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  3. Semple JC (2012) Typification of Solidago gracillma (Asteraceae: Astereae) and application of the name. Phytoneuron 107:1-10.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Florida State University Herbarium Database. URL: Last accessed: June 2021. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R.K. Godfrey, and Annie Schmidt. States and counties: Florida: Gadsden, Leon, Liberty, and Wakulla. Georgia: Baker.
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 18 JAN 2018
  6. Platt, W.J., R. Carter, G. Nelson, W. Baker, S. Hermann, J. Kane, L. Anderson, M. Smith, K. Robertson. 2021. Unpublished species list of Wade Tract old-growth longleaf pine savanna, Thomasville, Georgia.