Solidago fistulosa

From Coastal Plain Plants Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Solidago fistulosa
Soli fist.jpg
Photo by Shirley Denton (Copyrighted, use by photographer’s permission only), Nature Photography by Shirley Denton
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Solidago
Species: S. fistulosa
Binomial name
Solidago fistulosa
Soli fist dist.jpg
Natural range of Solidago fistulosa from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Pine barren goldenrod, Hairy pineywoods goldenrod

Taxonomic notes


A description of Solidago fistulosa is provided in The Flora of North America.


Found in the Coastal Plain from Louisiana to New Jersey, however, is primarily concentrated in the southeast coastal plain.[1]



In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, S. fistulosa occurs in wet hammocks, cabbage palm-slash pine hammocks, slash pine woodlands, lake margins, open ditches bordering swamps, shores of cypress ponds, thickets bordering cypress-gum depressions, floodplain woodlands, brackish marshes, and dried out cypress depressions. It also occurs in disturbed areas such as roadside depressions, black sandy peat of a logged over hillside bog, clear-cut sand pine scrub ridge, old pastures, and a drainage ditch bordering pine flatwoods. Soils include loamy sand, sandy loam, sandy peat, and clay.[2]

Associated species include Euthamia minor, Eupatorium, Xyris, Cladium, Rhynchospora fascicularis and Hypericum cistifolium.[2]


S. fistulosa spreads by rhizomes along with sexual reproduction. It is a monecious species. It has been observed flowering in July and September through November and fruits in October.[2][3]

Fire ecology

S. fistulosa has been observed growing in a recently burned pineland bay forest and an annually burned pine forest.[2] Populations have been known to persist through repeated annual burning.[4]


Solidago fistulosa has been observed at the Archbold Biological Station to host bees from the Apidae family such as Apis mellifera, plasterer bees from the Colletidae family such as Colletes mandibularis and C. thysanellae, sweat bees from the Halictidae family such as Augochlorella gratiosa, Halictus poeyi and Sphecodes heraclei, leafcutting bees such as Coelioxys sayi (family Megachilidae), thread-waisted wasps from the Sphecidae family such as Anacrabro ocellatus and Tachytes validus, and wasps from the Vespidae family such as Eumenes smithii, Parancistrocerus salcularis rufulus, Polistes dorsalis hunteri and Zethus spinipes.[5]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

S. fistulosa is a perennial weed in blueberry plantations in North Carolina. It is tolerant of terbacil.[6]

Cultural use

Rubber can be made from the latex found in the leaves.[7]

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. [[1]]Native Florida Wildflowers. Accessed: March 17, 2016
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: November 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Robt. Blaisdell, A.F. Clewell, Mark A. Garland, Robert K. Godfrey, G.G. Hedgcock, Lisa Keppner, Gary Knight, R. Komarek, Robert Kral, Robert L. Lazor, R.A. Norris, James D. Ray Jr., Paul L. Redfearn Jr., Annie Schmidt, J.C. Semple, R. Wunderlin. States and Counties: Florida: Baker, Bay, Duval, Franklin, Gulf, Highlands, Hillsborough, Jefferson, Lake, Leon, Levy, Liberty, Okaloosa, Putnam, Santa Rosa, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, Washington. Georgia: Grady, Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  3. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 14 DEC 2016
  4. Platt, W.J., R. Carter, G. Nelson, W. Baker, S. Hermann, J. Kane, L. Anderson, M. Smith, K. Robertson. 2021. Unpublished species list of Wade Tract old-growth longleaf pine savanna, Thomasville, Georgia.
  5. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
  6. Andree, L. G. and J. M. Thomas (1983). "Metabolism of Terbacil in Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) and Goldenrod (Solidago fistulosa)." Weed Science 31(2): 221-225.
  7. [[2]]Accessed: March 16, 2016