|Photo by Craig Huegel hosted at Atlas of Florida Plants|
|Division:||Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants|
|Class:||Liliopsida - Moncots|
| Smilax walteri|
|Natural range of Smilax walteri from USDA NRCS .|
Synonym(s): S. megacarpa
Smilax walteri is a monoecious perennial shrub or vine.
S. walteri is found in swamp forests, bogs, and other areas that are often submerged for a portion of the year. In the Okefenokee Swamp, southern Georgia, S. walteri had an above water biomass of 12 g m-2 with a productivity of 6 g m-2 yr-1. In Tupelo gum-Cypress-swamp black gum communities of Alabama, S. walteri occurred at densities of 12 acre-1 (30 hm-2).
Flowering occurs from April through May and fruiting occurs from September through November but can persist beyond.
Use by animals
Fruit remains of S. walteri have been found in deer pellets during May in eastern Texas. Its fruits are also consumed by a variety of birds. Leaves and twigs are consumed by the Florida marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris paludicola).
Conservation and Management
Cultivation and restoration
References and notes
- Weakley AS (2015) Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
- USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 19 January 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
- Schlesinger WH (1978) On the relative dominance of shrubs in Okefenokee Swamp. The American Naturalist 112(987):949-954.
- Hall TF, Penfound WT (1943) Cypress-gum communities in the blue girth swamp near Selma, Alabama. Ecology 24(2):208-217.
- Lay DW (1965) Fruit utilization by deer in southern forests. The Journal of Wildlife Management 29(2):370-375.
- White DW, Stiles EW (1992) Bird dispersal of fruits of species introduced into eastern North America. Canadian Journal of Botany 70:1689-1696.
- Blair WF (1936) The Florida marsh rabbit. Journal of Mammalogy 17(3):197-207.