Smilax glauca

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Common name: whiteleaf greenbriar [1], wild sarsaparilla [1], cat greenbriar [2]

Smilax glauca
Smilax glauca SEF.jpg
Photo by John Gwaltney hosted at Southeastern
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida - Moncots
Order: Liliales
Family: Smilacaceae
Genus: Smilax
Species: S. glauca
Binomial name
Smilax glauca
Natural range of Smilax glauca from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: S. glauca var. leurophylla Blake

Varieties: none


S. glauca is a perennial shrub/vine of the Smilacaceae family native to North America. [2]


S. glauca is found in the southeastern corner of the United States from Wyoming to Massachusetts. [2]



S. glauca proliferates in a wide variety of upland and wetland habitats. [1]

Specimens have been collected from drying loamy sand, mesic woodland, cedar swamp, and bottomland hardwood. [3]


S. glauca has been observed to flower April through May. [4]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by consumption by vertebrates. [5]

Fire ecology

S. glauca is not fire resistant, but has a high fire tolerance. [2]

Use by animals

S. glauca has high palatability for browsing animals, but low palatability for grazing animals. [2]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 USDA Plant Database
  3. URL: Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R.K. Godfrey, R. Komarek, Andre F. Clewell, Chris Cooksey, Cecil SLaughter, Marc Minno, Bob Fewster, William Platt, Richard Carter, M. Darst, H. Light, L. Peed. States and counties: Florida (Levy, Washington, Flagler, Leon, Calhoun, Wakulla) Georgia (Thomas, Grady, Taylor)
  4. PNelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 29 MAY 2018
  5. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.