|Photo by John Gwaltney hosted at Southeastern Flora.com|
|Division:||Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants|
|Class:||Liliopsida - Moncots|
| Smilax bona-nox|
|Natural range of Smilax bona-nox from USDA NRCS Plants Database.|
Synonym: S. bona-nox var. exauriculata (Fernald), S. bona-nox var. hederifolia (Beyrich) Fernald
Variety: S. bona-nox var. littoralis (Coker ex Sorrie)
S. bona-nox is a perennial shrub/vine of the Smilacaceae family that is native to North America. 
S. bona-nox is found in the southeastern United States; Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, Ohio, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Illinois, Alabama, Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas.
Common habitats for S. bona-nox include wetland and upland habitats, dunes, and maritime thickets and forests.  S. bona-nox can grow in a variety of soils, coarse, medium, and fine textures. It has a medium tolerance to drought and a high tolerance for shade.  Habitats that specimens have been collected from include moist loamy soil near creeks, edges of msic woodland, and lower tidal swamps. 
S. bona-nox has been observed flowering in April. 
This species is thought to be dispersed by consumption by vertebrates. 
S. bona-nox has a high tolerance to fire. 
Conservation and Management
Cultivation and restoration
References and notes
- USDA Plant Database
- Gee, K. L., et al. (1994). White-tailed deer: their foods and management in the cross timbers. Ardmore, OK, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.
- Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
- URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R>K.Godfrey, Chris Cooksey, R. Komarek, J.M. Kane, Herbert Kessler, Tina Kessler, William Platt, M. Darst, L. Webster, L.Peed. States and counties: Florida (Wakulla, Leon, Holmes, Liberty, Levy) Georgia (Thomas, Grady)
- Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 29 MAY 2018
- Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.