|Photo by Patricia Howell, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants|
|Division:||Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants|
|Class:||Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons|
| Sida cordifolia|
|Natural range of Sida cordifolia from USDA NRCS Plants Database.|
Common names: ‘Ilima, Great-leaved sida
S. cordifolia is a shrub that grows up to 1.5 meters tall. Leaves are heart shaped, serrate and truncate. Flowers are small, yellow or white, solitary and axillaries. Seeds are grayish black and smooth.
It is a Native of India, however, it is also found in Florida, Alabama, and Texas.
Grows in damp climates and in waste areas.
Flowers from August to December, fruits October to January.
The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Sida cordifolia at Archbold Biological Station: 
Apidae: Apis mellifera
Halictidae: Agapostemon splendens, Augochloropsis metallica, Lasioglossum pectoralis, L. placidensis, L. tamiamensis
Megachilidae: Anthidiellum notatum rufomaculatum, Anthidium maculifrons, Coelioxys mexicana, Megachile albitarsis, M. texana
Pompilidae: Ageniella faceta ventralis
Conservation and management
Cultivation and restoration
S. cordifolia is highly recognized for its medicinal properties: it contains ephedrine, vasicinol, vasicinone, and N-methyl tryptophan. Traditional medicine has used it to treat chronic dysentery, and asthma.
Flowers of Sida cordifolia
Photo by Bob Upcavage, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
References and notes
- []Accessed: March 15, 2016
- Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
- Sivanesan, I. and B. R. Jeong (2007). "Direct Shoot Regeneration from Nodal Explants of Sida Cordifolia Linn." In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Plant 43(5): 436-441.