Sabatia grandiflora

From Coastal Plain Plants Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Sabatia grandiflora
Saba gran.jpg
Photo by Wayne Matchett, SpaceCoastWildflowers.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gentianaceae
Genus: Sabatia
Species: S. grandiflora
Binomial name
Sabatia grandiflora
(A. Gray) Small
Saba gran dist.jpg
Natural range of Sabatia grandiflora from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Largeflower rose gentian

Taxonomic notes

Description

S. grandiflora is an upright native annual herb with showy pink flowers on an almost leafless stems, that can reach up to 1 meter tall. The leaves are opposite, linear, inconspicuous, and fleshy. The flower is a 5-pointed star, deep to pale pink, with a yellow and red mark at the base of each petal that forms a small yellow star. The twisted yellow stigma and the protruding green ovary are held terminally and in upper leaf axils. The fruit is a small capsule.[1]

Distribution

It is distributed in the Coastal Plain from Florida to Alabama and Virginia.[2]

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, Sabatia grandiflora occurs in pine-wiregrass-saw palmetto flatwoods, karst pond shores, and longleaf pine wiregrass communities.[3] Within its distribution in the Coastal Plain, habitats include moist sites, wet prairies and flatwoods, and bogs.[1]

Phenology

Flowers and fruits in June and July.[3]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Sabatia grandiflora at Archbold Biological Station: [4]

Apidae: Bombus impatiens

Halictidae: Augochlorella aurata, Halictus poeyi, Lasioglossum coreopsis, L. nymphalis, L. puteulanum, L. tamiamensis

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: November 2015. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, J.M. Kane, Edwin Keppner, R.A. Norris. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Putnam, Taylor, Wakulla, Washington, Volusia. Georgia: Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  1. 1.0 1.1 [[1]]Enature. Accessed: March 15, 2016
  2. [[2]]Encyclopedia of Life. Accessed: March 14, 2016
  3. 3.0 3.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: November 2015. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, J.M. Kane, Edwin Keppner, R.A. Norris. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Putnam, Taylor, Wakulla, Washington, Volusia. Georgia: Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  4. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.