Rosa carolina

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Common names: Carolina Rose [1], pasture rose [2]

Rosa carolina
Rosa carolina IWL.jpg
Photo by John Hilty hosted at IllinoisWildflowers.info
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Rosa
Species: R. carolina
Binomial name
Rosa carolina
L.
ROSA CARO DIST.JPG
Natural range of Rosa carolina from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: R. carolina var. villosa (Rehder), R. lyoni (Pursh), R. serrulata (Rafinesque); R. carolina var. grandifolia (Baker) Rehder; R. lyoni' Pursh

Variety: Rosa subserrulata (Rydberg)

Description

R. carolina is a perennial subshrub of the Rosaceae family that is native to North America.[1]

Distribution

Rosa carolina is found throughout the entire eastern United States as far west as Texas, as well as, Ontario and Quebec.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

Habitats for R. carolina include upland forests, wooddlands, pastures, and roadsides. [3] Specimens have been collected from pine-oak woodland, partial shade of a trail, full sun of a cmaping ground, edge of abandoned limestone quarry, upland oak woodland, and planted slash pine region. [4]

Coarse soils are ideal for R. carolina. It has a high tolerance for drought and a medium tolerance for fire and shade. [1]

Phenology

R. carolina has been observed to flower in April, May, and August with peak inflorescence in May.[5]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 USDA Plant Database
  2. Goldblum, D., et al. (2013). "The impact of seed mix weight on diversity and species composition in a tallgrass prairie restoration planting, Nachusa grasslands, Illinois, USA." Ecological Restoration 31(2): 154-167.
  3. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  4. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Gary Knight, John Nelson, R.K. Godfery, Richard Mitchell, Rodie White, R. Komarek, William Platt, Bob Farley, D.C.F. States and counties: Florida (Alachua, Leon, Jackson) Georgia (Grady, Thomas)
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 29 MAY 2018