Rivina humilis

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Rivina humilis
Rivi humi.jpg
Photo by Shirley Denton (Copyrighted, use by photographer’s permission only), Nature Photography by Shirley Denton
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Phytolaccaceae
Genus: Rivina
Species: R. humilis
Binomial name
Rivina humilis
Rivi humi dist.jpg
Natural range of Rivina humilis from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Bloodberry rougeplant, Rougeplant, Pigeonberry, Baby-pepper

Taxonomic notes


A description of Rivina humilis is provided in The Flora of North America.


It is found in southern North America from Florida to Arizona, north to Oklahoma and Arkansas, south through central America and the Caribbean to tropical South America.[1]



Habitats of R. humilis include damp shady sites, riparian vegetation, disturbed sites, and waste areas.[2] It is usually found on moist to well drained soils in both light shade and partial sun.[3]


Blooms March through October.[1]


The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Rivina humilis at Archbold Biological Station: [4]

Halictidae: Lasioglossum pectoralis

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Used in the southwest as red dye.[3] This species is poisonous.[5]

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 [[1]]Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. Accessed: March 10, 2016
  2. [[2]]Accessed: March 10, 2016
  3. 3.0 3.1 [[3]]Accessed: March 10, 2016
  4. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
  5. [[4]] Accessed: March 10, 2016