Rhapidophyllum hystrix

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Rhapidophyllum hystrix
Rhapidophyllum hystrix Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae ⁄ Palmae
Genus: Rhapidophyllum
Species: R. hystrix
Binomial name
Rhapidophyllum hystrix
(Pursh) H. Wendl. & Drude ex Drude
RHAP HYST dist.jpg
Natural range of Rhapidophyllum hystrix from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Needle palm

Taxonomic notes


A description of Rhapidophyllum hystrix is provided in The Flora of North America. Rhapidophyllum hystrix is a perennial shrub with needles at the base of its leaves. [1]




R. hystrix occurs most frequently in shaded wet sandy or loamy soil. [1] It can be found in floodplains, as well as on the slopes of steephead ravines and on limestone outcrops. [1] It appears in several native community types, including mixed hardwood woodlands, Magnolia-Tilia-Hydrangea bluffs, and cabbage palm-hardwood hammocks. [1] It can also occasionally be found in disturbed areas like roadsides. [1] Associated species include Sabal minor, Magnolia virginiana, Hydrangea quercifolia, Sabal palmetto, and Gordonia lasianthus. [1]


R. hystrix has been observed flowering in February and April to June, while fruiting has been observed in February and August.[1][2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Robert K. Godfrey, Lisa Keppner, Angus Gholson, James R. Burkhalter, R. Kral, Gary R. Knight, Mark Garland, Sidney McDaniel, Richard D. Houk, L.B. Thein, S.D. Latimer, Patricia Elliot, George R. Cooley, Carroll E. Wood, Jr., Kenneth A. Wilson, Leonard J. Brass, R.S. Mitchell, and A.F. Clewell. States and Counties: Florida: Citrus, Clay, Escambia, Gadsden, Jackson, Jefferson, Lake, Leon, Liberty, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Taylor, Wakulla, and Washington. Georgia: Clay and Grady. Alabama: Baldwin.
  2. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 13 DEC 2016