Quercus stellata

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Common name: post oak [1]

Quercus stellata
Quercus stellata SEF.jpg
Photo by John Gwaltney hosted at Southeastern Flora.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Fagales
Family: Fagaceae
Genus: Quercus
Species: Q. stellata
Binomial name
Quercus stellata
Wangenheim
QUER STEL DIST.JPG
Natural range of Quercus stellata from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: Q. stellata var. stellata; Q. villosa Walter

Varieties: none

Description

Q. stellata is a perennial tree of the Fagaceae family native to North America. [2]

Distribution

Q. stellata is found in the southeastern corner of the United States from Texas to Massachusetts. [2]

Ecology

Habitat

Q. stellata proliferates in uland forests and woodlands, especially in clay or rocky soils and in communities at least formerly exposed to fire. [1] Specimens have been taken from mesic woodland, pine-oak stands, hardwood forests, second growth woodland with sandy soil, open pine oak woodland, and old growth pineland. [3]

Phenology

Q. stellata has been observed to flower March through May and in November. [4] Native, perennial tree to 75.0 feet. Bark usually gray to gray-brown, relatively thick, irregularly fissured with narrow or broad scaly ridges; leaves deciduous, alternate, simple, stellate-hairy on lower surface, usually 5-7 lobed (not bristle tipped), the upper 3 lobes usually being the largest, usually having somewhat of a crosslike appearance; plants monoecious; inflorescences are catkins; fruit is a 1-seeded nut called an acorn, 1-2 clustered, cup enclosing 33-50% of the nut, maturing the first year in the fall. [5]

Fire ecology

Q. stellata is not fire resistant and has medium fire tolerance. [2]

Use by animals

Q. stellata has low palatability for grazing and browsing animals. [2]

Conservation and Management

Q. stellata is listed as a special concern species by the Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management. [2]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=QUST
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Jack P. Davis, R.K. Godfrey, Gary Knight, Richard Mitchell, H. Kurz, Kurt Blum, Celeste Baylor, Chris Cooksey, R.F. Doren, R. Komarek, K.M. Meyer, A. Townsmith. States and counties: Florida (Leon, Nassau, Okaloosa, Escambia, Wakulla, Jackson, Gadsden, Liberty, Marion, Washington) Georgia (Thomas, Grady)
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 29 MAY 2018
  5. Gee, K. L., et al. (1994). White-tailed deer: their foods and management in the cross timbers. Ardmore, OK, Samuel Roberts Noble Foundation.