Proserpinaca pectinata

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Proserpinaca pectinata
Proserpinaca pectinata SEF.jpg
Photo by John Gwaltney hosted at Southeastern Flora.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Haloragales
Family: Haloragaceae
Genus: Proserpinaca
Species: P. pectinata
Binomial name
Proserpinaca pectinata
Lam.
PROS PECT DIST.JPG
Natural range of Proserpinaca pectinata from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common Names: feathery mermaid-weed;[1] combleaf mermaidweed[2]

Taxonomic Notes

Description

Proserpinaca pectinata is a dioecious perennial that grows as a forb/herb.[2] Flowers are red, orange, and green in color.[3]

Distribution

This species occurs from Nova Scotia, south to southern Florida, and westward to western Louisiana. While it is primarily found along the coastal plain, it occurs inland, as far as Tennessee.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

P. pectinata occurs in bogs, savannas, ditches, and other wet places.[1] Along New York pond shorelines, this species is found on areas of organic exposed pond bottoms and permanently flooded zones.[4] In New Jersey pinelands, Proserpinaca pectinata occurred in 20% of ponds.[5]

Phenology

In the southeastern and mid-Atlantic United States, flowering has been observed from June through October.[1][6]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Weakley AS (2015) Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  2. 2.0 2.1 USDA NRCS (2016) The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, 31 January 2018). National Plant Data Team, Greensboro, NC 27401-4901 USA.
  3. Plant database: Proserpinaca pectinata. (31 January 2018) Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center. URL: https://www.wildflower.org/plants/result.php?id_plant=PRPE
  4. Zaremba RE, Lamont EE (1993) The status of the coastal plain pondshore community in New York. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club 120(2):180-187.
  5. Laidig KJ (2012) Simulating the effect of groundwater withdrawals on intermittent-pond vegetation communities. Ecohydrology 5:841-852.
  6. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 31 JAN 2018