Pluchea foetida

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Pluchea foetida
Pluchea foetida Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae ⁄ Compositae
Genus: Pluchea
Species: P. foetida
Binomial name
Pluchea foetida
(L.) DC.
PLUC FOET dist.jpg
Natural range of Pluchea foetida from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Stinking camphorweed, Stinking fleabane

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Pluchea foetida (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle var. foetida; P. tenuifolia Small

Variety: Pluchea foetida (Linnaeus) A.P. de Candolle var. imbricata Kearney

Description

A description of Pluchea foetida is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plain in Florida and Georgia, P. foetida can be found at edges of creeks and swampy woodlands, bordering deciduous forests, cypress-sweetgum swamps, cabbage palmetto/ water hickory hammocks, marshy areas, flatwood streams, deeply shaded floodplains, moist depressions of sandbars, wet drainage bordering savannas, slash pine-wiregrass flatwoods, wiregrass/saw palmetto with scattered pines and cypress bays, swamp forests, open bogs, and semi shaded mesic woods along creek swamps. [1] It has also been documented to grow in sandy ditches bordering slash pine/gallberry flatwoods, clearings of swampy woodlands, and moist depressions along trails. Associated species include slash pine, gallberry, wiregrass, saw palmetto and cypress trees. [1] It has been observed to grow in shaded and semi-shaded areas. [1] Soil types can include peaty soils, mucky moist loamy sands, coarse sands of a pond shore, and drying loamy soil. [1] Associated species include Cypress, sweetgum, cabbage palmetto, hickory, slash pine, wiregrass, saw palmetto, and gallberry. [1]

Phenology

Flowering has been documented June through November. [1]

Seed bank and germination

Several short-lived perennial forbs also have a seed bank persistent for at least several years. [2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, D.B. Ward, James P. Gillespie, R. Kral, John Morrill, Loran C. Anderson, Almust G. Jones, Robert A. Norris, P.L. Redfearn, Bruce Hansen, JoAnn Hansen, Kent D. Perkins, John B. Nelson, L. Baltzell, O. Lakela, N. C. Henderson, R. Komarek, J. M. Kane, Cecil R Slaughter, T. MacClendon, K. MacClendon, Grady W. Reinert, R. D. Houk. States and Counties: Florida: Calhoun, Citrus, Columbia, Duval, Escambia, Franklin, Gulf, Hernando, Hillsborough, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson, Leon, Liberty, Levy, Nassau, Okaloosa, Orange, Pasco, Polk, Putnam, Santa Rosa, St. Johns, Taylor, Volusia, Wakulla, Walton, Washington. Georgia: Grady, Thomas. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  2. Platt, W. J., S. M. Carr, et al. (2006). "Pine savanna overstorey influences on ground-cover biodiversity." Applied Vegetation Science 9: 37-50.