Platanthera cristata

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Platanthera cristata
Platanthera cristata Gil.jpg
Photo taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Liliopsida – Monocotyledons
Order: Orchidales
Family: Orchidaceae
Genus: Platanthera
Species: P. cristata
Binomial name
Platanthera cristata
(Michx.) Lindl.
PLAT CRIS dist.jpg
Natural range of Platanthera cristata from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: crested yellow orchid, crested fringed orchid, golden fringed orchid

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Habenaria cristata (Michaux) R. Brown; Blephariglottis cristata (Michaux) Rafinesque[1]

Varieties: None[1]


A description of Platanthera cristata is provided in The Flora of North America.




In the Coastal Plain region, P. cristata can be found in annually burned longleaf pineland, poorly drained areas, terminus of river swamps, wet flatwoods, low wet open savannas, open wiregrass-longleaf pine woodlands, hillside bogs, shaded swamps, the base of cypress trees in a cypress-dome, along streams, boggy ditches, and mesic woodlands.[2] It is also found in moist roadside depressions, open undrained fields, and pipeline clearings. Associated species include Pinus palustris, Quercus, titi, sweetgum, alder, maple, Cuphea aspera, Verbesina chapmanii, Rhynchospora oligantha, Scleria, Fuirena, Balduina, Myrica, Ilex, Sarracenia, Juncus polycephalus, Pinguicula ionantha, Aristida stricta, Sphagnum, Nyssa, Lyonia, Magnolia, Xyris, Rhexia, Clethra, Hypericum, Platanthera blephariglottis and Cypress.[2]

It grows in open light to deeply shaded areas.[2] Soil types include moist sandy loam, peaty mucky soil, and loamy sand.[2]


Flowering occurs May through September.[2][3]

Fire ecology

Populations of Platanthera cristata have been known to persist through repeated annual burning.[4]

Conservation, cultivation, and restoration

Cultural use

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 Weakley, A.S. 2020. Flora of the Southeastern United States. Edition of 20 October 2020. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: July 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R. Komarek, Julie Neel, James W. Hardin, R. Kral, P.L. Redfeam, John B. Nelson, Wilbur H. Duncan, Harry E. Ahles, R.S. Leisner, A.B. Seymour, Robert K. Godfrey. States and Counties: Florida: Escambia, Franklin, Gulf, Leon, Liberty, Okaloosa, Santa rosa, Wakulla, Walton. Georgia: Baker, Decatur, Grady, Thomas, Ware. North Carolina: Brunswick, Cumberland. Virginia: Greensville, Sussex. Alabama: Mobile. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  3. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 19 MAY 2021
  4. Platt, W.J., R. Carter, G. Nelson, W. Baker, S. Hermann, J. Kane, L. Anderson, M. Smith, K. Robertson. 2021. Unpublished species list of Wade Tract old-growth longleaf pine savanna, Thomasville, Georgia.