Phyllanthus urinaria

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Phyllanthus urinaria
Phyl urin.jpg
Photo by John R. Gwaltney, Southeastern
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Euphorbiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Genus: Phyllanthus
Species: P. urinaria
Binomial name
Phyllanthus urinaria
PHYL URIN dist.jpg
Natural range of Phyllanthus urinaria from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Chamber bitter

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Phyllanthus urinaria Linnaeus ssp. urinaria





In natural habitats P. urinaria has been documented to grow abundantly in hammock clearings, fallow fields, and amongst Fabaceae patches near ponds. In human disturbed areas it can be observed growing in the moist soil of fire lanes, lawns, depressions along roads, city parks, and old plantations. [1] Soil types observed include moist sandy loams, moist loam, and peaty sandy soils. [1]

Physalis angulata is an associated species. [1]


It has been observed flowering in August.[2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: July 2015 Collectors: Robert K. Godfrey, Richard R. Clinebell II, R. L. Lazor, E. L. Tyson, H. Loftin, Sidney McDaniel, Cecil R Slaughter, Loran C. Anderson. States and Counties: Florida: Gadsden, Gulf, Leon, Nassau. Georgia: Thomas. Countries: Costa Rica, Panama. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  2. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 12 DEC 2016