Pedicularis canadensis

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Common name: Canadian lousewort [1], eastern lousewort [2], wood-betony [2]

Pedicularis canadensis
Pedicularis canadensis SEF.jpg
Photo by John Gwaltney hosted at Southeastern Flora.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Scrophulariales
Family: Scrophulariaceae
Genus: Pedicularis
Species: P. canadensis
Binomial name
Pedicularis canadensis
L.
PEDI CANA DIST.JPG
Natural range of Pedicularis canadensis from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: P. canadensis var. dobbsii Fernald

Varieties: none

Description

P. canadensis is a perennial forb/herb/subshrub of the Scrophulariaceae family native to North America and Canada. [1]

Distribution

P. canadensis is found in the eastern half of the United States, as well as the Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec regions of Canada. [1]

Ecology

Habitat

P. canadensis proliferates in moist to dry forests and woodlands and streambanks. [2] Specimens have been collected from loamy sand in hardwood forest, border of swamp area, and magnolia-beech-oak woods. [3]

Phenology

P. canadensis has been observed flowering March through May. [4] STEMS: unbranched, up to 20 cm tall. LEAVES: deeply dissected, 10 cm long, 4 cm wide, most of the leaves clustered at the base of the stem. FLOWERS: borne in dense heads, two-lipped, 2 cm long, 0.5 cm wide. CAPSULE: 1 cm long, enclosed by green sepals. SEEDS: about 10 per capsule 5 mm long, brown. [5]

Fire ecology

P. canadensis is not fire resistant, but has a medium fire tolerance. [1]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 USDA Plant Database https://plants.usda.gov/core/profile?symbol=PECA
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Rodie White, R.K. Godfrey, William Platt, M. Carr. States and counties: Florida (Gadsden, Jackson, Leon, Washington, Wakulla) Georgia (Thomas, Grady)
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 24 MAY 2018
  5. Musselman, L. J. and W. F. Mann, Jr (1978). Root parasites of southern forests. , USDA Forest Service, Southern For. Exp. Station, New Orleans, LA. Gen. Tech. Rpt. SO-20. : 76.