Paronychia herniarioides

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Paronychia herniarioides
Paro hern.jpg
Photo by Thomas Gunter, Atlas of Florida Vascular Plants
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Paronychia
Species: P. herniarioides
Binomial name
Paronychia herniarioides
(Michx.) Nutt.
Paro hern dist.jpg
Natural range of Paronychia herniarioides from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Coastal plain nailwort; Michaux's whitlow-wort

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Gastronychia herniarioides (Michx.) Small

Paronychia comes from a Greek word for whitlow, a disease that infected the fingers. [1]

Description

A description of Paronychia herniarioides is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

The distribution of P. herniarioides is restricted to the southeastern Coastal Plain from South Carolina south to Florida and west to Alabama. It is rare in South Carolina and Florida.[2]

Ecology

Habitat

In the Coastal Plain, P. herniarioides occurs in xeric, sandy soil of longleaf pine-turkey oak sand ridges. Associated species include Lyonia ferruginea, Ceratiola, Stylisma pickeringii var. pickeringii, Opuntia humifusa, Quercus geminata, Quercus myrtifolia and Polygonella. [3] [4]

Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Paronychia herniarioides at Archbold Biological Station: [5]

Halictidae: Lasioglossum nymphalis

Sphecidae: Tachysphex apicalis

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. Core, E. L. (1941). "The North American Species of Paronychia." The American Midland Naturalist 26(2): 369-397
  2. [[1]] NatureServe Accessed: February 19, 2016
  3. Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: October 2015. Collectors: Oscar E. Baynard, Morton Bortell, L.J. Brass, R.A. Davidson, Robert K. Godfrey, D.W. Hall, R. Kral, A.M. Laessle, N.E. Lee, R.A. Norris, Kent D. Perkins, A.E. Radford, Grady W. Reinert, G.L. Webster, R.L. Wilbur, R.F. Thorne. States and Counties: Florida: Clay, Gilchrist, Highlands, Lake. Georgia: Ben Hill, Coffee, Dougherty, Emanuel, Marion, Mitchell, Wheeler. South Carolina: Lee. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  4. Schotz, A. (2009). "Noteworthy Collection: Alabama." Castanea 74(2): 185-188.
  5. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.