Nuphar advena

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Nuphar advena
Nuph adve.jpg
Photo by Wayne Matchett, SpaceCoastWildflowers.com
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Nymphaeales
Family: Nymphaeaceae
Genus: Nuphar
Species: N. advena
Binomial name
Nuphar advena
(Aiton) Kartesz & Gandhi
Nuph adve dist.jpg
Natural range of Nuphar advena from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common names: Yellow pond-lily; Spatterdock; Broadleaf pondlily

Taxonomic notes

Synonyms: Nuphar luteum (Linnaeus) Sibthorp & J.E. Smith ssp. macrophyllum (Small) E.O.Beal; Nuphar fluviatile (R.M. Harper) Standley; Nuphar puteorum Fernald; Nuphar lutea J.E. Smith ssp. advena (Aiton) Kartesz & Gandhi; Nymphaea advena Aiton; Nymphaea chartacea Miller & Standley; Nymphaea fluviatilis R.M. Harper; Nuphar advena ssp. advena

Description

A description of Nuphar advena is provided in The Flora of North America.

Distribution

Distributed north to Michigan, south to Florida, and far west as Texas.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

N. advena is an aquatic perennial that requires protection from strong current.[2] In the Coastal Plain in Florida, it has been observed growing in ponds of pine-oak forests, ditch ponds, and still river water. Associated species include Brasenia and Nymphaea. [3]

Phenology

Flowers May through November and fruits in September. [3]

Typical N. advena fruits are green with green stigmatic disks, anthers, sepals and fruit walls; however, Padgett (1996) reports of a population in southeastern Virginia having red fruit walls. Characteristically this species lacks red pigmentation.

In areas of sympatry, it can intergrade with N. orbiculata, N. variegata, N. ulvacea, and N. sagittifolia.[4]


Pollination

The following Hymenoptera families and species were observed visiting flowers of Nuphar advena at Archbold Biological Station: [5]

Apidae: Apis mellifera

Colletidae: Hylaeus schwarzi

Halictidae: Lasioglossum nelumbonis

Use by animals

It is a food source to some turtles: Chelydra serpentine (snapping turtle), Chrysemys picta (painted turtle), and Stenotherus odoratus (musk turtle).[4] Muskrats and beavers have also been observed to eat the plant, especially the rhizomes and lower petioles.[4]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

Padgett, D. J. (1996). "A Red-Fruited Nuphar advena (Nymphaeaceae) from Virginia." Castanea 61(4): 391-392.

Yoo, M.-J., A. S. Chanderbali, et al. (2010). "Evolutionary trends in the floral transcriptome: insights from one of the basalmost angiosperms, the water lily Nuphar advena (Nymphaeaceae)." The Plant Journal 64(4): 687-698
  1. [[1]]Michigan State University
  2. [[2]] Illinois Wildflowers Accessed: February 11, 2016
  3. 3.0 3.1 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: October 2015. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, A.F. Bradley, Robert K. Godfrey, Stacey N. Hensel, Ed Keppner, Lisa Keppner, P. Kral, K.M. Meyer, Richard S. Mitchell, P.L. Redfearn, J. Stone, A. Townesmith. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Escambia, Gadsden, Jackson, Marion, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, Washington. Compiled by Tall Timbers Research Station and Land Conservancy.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 [[3]] Encyclopedia of Life Accessed: February 10, 2016
  5. Deyrup, M.A. and N.D. 2015. Database of observations of Hymenoptera visitations to flowers of plants on Archbold Biological Station, Florida, USA.