Monotropa uniflora

From Coastal Plain Plants Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search
Monotropa uniflora
Monotropa uniflora Gil.jpg
Photo was taken by Gil Nelson
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida – Dicotyledons
Order: Ericales
Family: Monotropaceae
Genus: Monotropa
Species: M. uniflora
Binomial name
Monotropa uniflora
MONO UNIF dist.jpg
Natural range of Monotropa uniflora from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Common name: Indian pipes

Taxonomic notes

Synonym: Monotropa brittonii Small


A description of Monotropa uniflora is provided in The Flora of North America.




This species can be found in mixed woodlands, mesic bluffs, ravine edges, along swamps, pine scrub, and hardwood hammock edges. [1] Observed growing in shaded areas, M. uniflora occurs in moist and dry sand, sandy loam, and rich hummus. [1] It is also found in human discturbed habitats such as hiking trails, residential backyards, and front lawns. [1] Associates species include Carya, Magnolia, Quercus, Habernaria quinqueseta, Cypress, Burmannia biflora, Pinus clausa, Quercus myrtifolia, and Q. maritima. [1]


This species has been observed flowering and fruiting in February, March, and October through December. [1]

Seed dispersal

This species is thought to be dispersed by gravity. [2]

Conservation and management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Florida State University Robert K. Godfrey Herbarium database. URL: Last accessed: June 2014. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, Herbert Kessler, Jacob Kimel, R.K. Godfrey, John B. Nelson, George R. Cooley, D. B. Ward, J. Beckner, Lovett E. Williams, Michael Castagna, Travis MacClendon, K. MacClendon, P. Howell, B. Thomas, G. Wilder, R. Komarek, Kathleen Brady, Ed Keppner, and Lisa Keppner. States and Counties: Florida: Bay, Calhoun, Gadsden, Hernando, Leon, Liberty, Marion, and Wakulla. Georgia: Grady.
  2. Kirkman, L. Katherine. Unpublished database of seed dispersal mode of plants found in Coastal Plain longleaf pine-grasslands of the Jones Ecological Research Center, Georgia.