Malus angustifolia

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Common names: southern crab apple [1], crabapple, flowering crabapple [2]

Malus angustifolia
Malus angustifolia SEF.jpg
Photo by the Southeastern Flora Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Malus
Species: M. angustifolia
Binomial name
Malus angustifolia
Michx.
MALU ANGU DIST.JPG
Natural range of Malus angustifolia from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: Pyrus angustifolia (Aiton), Pyrus angustifolia var. spinosa (Rehder) L.H. Bailey

Variety: none

Description

M. angustifolia is a perennial shrub/tree of the Rosaceae family that is native to North America.[1]

Distribution

M. angustifolia is found throughout the southeastern United States; specifically in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Deleware, West Virginia, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Mississippi, Louisiana, and Texas.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

Ideal habitats for the M. angustifolia is in well drained but moist soils in valleys and other slopes, stream beds, borders of woodlands, old fields in the southeast, and even fence rows. It requires full sun for successful fruit and flowers. [1]

Dry hammocks and occasionally bottomlands are habitats for M. angustifolia. [3] Specimens have been collected from loamy sand in xeric flatwoods, mesic woodland, pine flatwoods, pine woods, fence row, floodplain, upland mixed woodland, decidious woods, cultivated field, mesic hammock, sandy loam, wood bottoms and thickets. [4]

Phenology

M. angustifolia has been observed flowering February through April with peak inflorescence in March.[5]

Pollination

M. angustifolia is mainly pollinated by bees, butterflies occasionally. .[6]

Use by animals

Whitetail deer will eat the fruit of the tree, as well as, bobwhites, grouse, pheasants, rabbits, squirrels, opposums, raccoons, skunks, foxes, and other small birds. [1]

Diseases and parasites

M angustifolia is prone to fireblight, cedar apple rust, apple scab, canker, scale, borers, and aphids. [1]

Conservation and Management

Florida has classified M. angustifolia as threatened; it is endangered in Illinois, and of special concern in Kentucky. [1]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 USDA Plant Database
  2. Coile, N. C. (2000). Notes on Florida �s Regulated Plant Index (Rule 5B-40), Botany Contribution No. 38, 3nd edition. Gainesville, Florida, Florida Deaprtment of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Division of Plant Industry.
  3. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  4. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R.K. Godfrey, Patricia Elliot, John C. Ogden, R L Lazor, L R Fox, K Craddock Burks, Gary R Knight, R A Norris, M R Darst, R Komarek, H Roth, M Jenkins, Elmar C Prichard. States and counties: Florida (Wakulla, Leon, Gadsden, Jefferson, Liberty, Washington), Georgia (Thomas, Grady), North Carolina (Cumberland)
  5. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. www.gilnelson.com/PanFlora/ Accessed: 24 MAY 2018
  6. Shared by Lisa Roberts; original post by Florida Wildflower Foundation; March 17, 2017, post shared to Florida Flora and Ecosystematics Facebook Group march 17, 2017.