Magnolia grandiflora

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Common name: southern magnolia [1], bull bay [2]

Magnolia grandiflora
Magnolia grandiflora BM.jpg
Photo by John B
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Magnoliales
Family: Magnoliaceae
Genus: Magnolia
Species: M. grandiflora
Binomial name
Magnolia grandiflora
Natural range of Magnolia grandiflora from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonyms: none

Varieties: Magnolia kobus A.P. de Candolle


M. grandiflora is a perennial tree of the Mangoliaceae family native to North America and introduced to Puerto Rico. [1]


M. grandiflora is found along the southeastern coast of the United States from Texas to Pennsylvania, as well as Puerto Rico. [1]



M. grandiflora is found in suburban woodlands, maritime forests, mesic Coastal Plain bluffs and flats, bottomlands, now also widely naturalized, spreading from cultivation into wet to mesic (and even dry) forests. [2] Specimens have been collected from shore of fresh water spring, dense wooded hammock, sand dunes, mixed hardwood, wet hammock of bottomland, swamp border, and shore of lake. [3]


M. grandiflora has been observed flowering April through July. [4]

Fire ecology

M. grandiflora is fire resistant, but has a low fire tolerance. [1]

Diseases and parasites

A common beetle that can cause death at the tips of branches is the Xylosandrus campactus, an ambrosia beetle. [5]

Conservation and Management

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 USDA Plant Database
  2. 2.0 2.1 Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. URL: Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: Loran C. Anderson, R.K. Godfrey, John Ogden, Patricia Elliot, Richard Mitchell, R. Kral, L.J. Brass, L.B. Trott, Karen MacClendon, Chris Cooksey, R. Komarek, Lisa Keppner, Ed Keppner, Cecil Slaughter, Shirley Wingfield, Elmer C. Prichard. States and counties: Florida (Gadsden, Volusia, Santa Rosa, Leon, Bay, Liberty, Jackson, Levy, Jefferson, Gadsden, Lake, Franklin, Highlands, Wakulla, Calhoun, Washington, Putnam) Georgia (Grady) Louisiana (Oachuita)
  4. Nelson, G. PanFlora: Plant data for the eastern United States with emphasis on the Southeastern Coastal Plains, Florida, and the Florida Panhandle. Accessed: 24 MAY 2018
  5. Observation by Craig Bateman comment on Brandi Missouri Griffith post, May 18, Valdosta Fl., posted to Florida Flora and Ecosystematics Facebook Group.