Lyonia mariana

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Common names: piedmont staggerbush [1]

Lyonia mariana
Lyonia mariana SEF.jpg
Photo by the Southeastern Flora Database
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta - Flowering plants
Class: Magnoliopsida - Dicots
Order: Ericales
Family: Ericaceae
Genus: Lyonia
Species: L. mariana
Binomial name
Lyonia mariana
L.
LYON MARI DIST.JPG
Natural range of Lyonia mariana from USDA NRCS Plants Database.

Taxonomic Notes

Synonym: Neopieris mariana (Linnaeus)

Variety: none

Description

L. mariana is a perennial shrub of the Ericaceae family that is native to North America. [1]

Distribution

L. mariana is commonly found in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, Connecticut, and Rhode Island in the eastern United States, but it can also be found further west in Louisiana, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Missouri, and Texas.[1]

Ecology

Habitat

Common habitats for L. mariana is in pine flatwoods, savannas, pocosin-sandhill ecotones, and dry sandy woodlands. [2] Largely, these habitats occur in the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plain, Eastern Mountains, Great Plains, and the Nortcentral and Northeast of the United States. [1] Specimens have been collected from habitats including dry sand oak woodland, pine flatwoods, thickets, dry sands in pine woodlands, wet flatwoods, dry sands near small pond, edge of cypress swamp, sand ridge near lake, and pine palmetto flats. [3]

Conservation and Management

L. mariana has been classified as endangered in Pennsylvania, as of special concern in Connecticut, and is classified as historical in Rhode Island. [1]

Cultivation and restoration

Photo Gallery

References and notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 USDA Plant Database
  2. Weakley, A. S. (2015). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina Herbarium.
  3. URL: http://herbarium.bio.fsu.edu. Last accessed: June 2018. Collectors: R.K. Godfrey, Walter S. Judd, Kent Perkins, Scott Zona, Wilson Baker, Loran Anderson, Howard Home, K. Craddock Burks, George Cooley, R.J. Eaton, James D. Ray Jr., R.D. Houk, Sidney McDaniel, Gwynn W. Ramsey, Richard Mitchell, C. Jackson, Elias Potagas, K Lems, Robert Kral, R. A. Norris. States and counties: Florida (Leon, Taylor, Jefferson, Taylor, Franklin, Seminole, Madison, Gadsden, Putnam, Volusia, Wakulla) Georgia (Thomas)